Neaderthals and the Human Race Essay

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In 1864 William King gave the name Homo neanderthalensis to a set of fossil remains found ten years earlier in the Feldhofer Cave of the Neander Valley in Germany. After King began his studies into Homo neanderthalensis he discovered that the fossil found in Germany were not the first. Unrecognized Neanderthal fossils were unearthed across Europe, as north as Belgium and as far south as Gibraltar. With a skull larger that humans Neanderthals survived the cold European lands by creating tools, mastering fire, building lodges, and hunting large animals. Neanderthals occupied Europe the same time as the first humans. Some evidence supporting the idea that humans and Neanderthals lived together and even interbreed. The Homo neanderthalensis …show more content…
In 1864 William King gave the name Homo neanderthalensis to a set of fossil remains found ten years earlier in the Feldhofer Cave of the Neander Valley in Germany. After King began his studies into Homo neanderthalensis he discovered that the fossil found in Germany were not the first. Unrecognized Neanderthal fossils were unearthed across Europe, as north as Belgium and as far south as Gibraltar. With a skull larger that humans Neanderthals survived the cold European lands by creating tools, mastering fire, building lodges, and hunting large animals. Neanderthals occupied Europe the same time as the first humans. Some evidence supporting the idea that humans and Neanderthals lived together and even interbreed. The Homo neanderthalensis line ended about 170,000 years ago, due to changing climate and the introduction of Homo sapien. Homo neanderthalensis is one of human’s closest evolutionary relatives. Though there are lots of similarities between human and Neanderthals it’s the differences that provides clue to their extinction. Jamie Shreeve published an article for National Geographic in 2013 where he explained the genetic work of Savante Pääbo; who proved that Neanderthals were a separate species from humans. On average Neanderthals were shorter but more robust that humans, they even had bigger brains. A larger brain does not indicate a great capacity for intelligence, but an adaptation for the cold. Bergmann's rule state that species that evolve in cold environments

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