Neolithic Revolution Or Agricultural Revolution

Satisfactory Essays

Molly FitzPatrick
Parolin, 7th hour
AP World History
September 15, 2017
Neolithic Government
Around 12,000 years ago the Neolithic or Agricultural Revolution began. This period started after the end of the last ice age. The Neolithic Revolution brought the first organized government. The Neolithic Revolution made government essential because there was a need to organize the more expansive population, large construction projects, and trade with other Neolithic Villages.
During the Neolithic Revolution not only did the amount of surplus food grow, but so did the population creating a need for organization from a leader or some sort of government. According to scholars, the world’s population 10,000 years ago was a microscopic 6 million people. By comparison there are 6 billion people estimated on Earth today. The population then grew to about 50 million people by 5,000 years ago. What took place during those 5,000 years? The agricultural revolution began just about 12,000 years ago or 10,000 B.C.E. During that time the last ice age ended, creating a more stable environment for growing crops and domesticating animals. The domestication of plants and animals created a surplus of food compared to the amount of food in gathering and hunting societies. An abundance of food allowed more people to live in each village. An example of population growth in a Neolithic Village is the early agricultural settlement of Jericho located in present-day Israel. Jericho was uncovered by

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