Non-Directive Play Therapy

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The efficacy of Play Therapy with children
Play therapy was first established by Carl Rogers in 1942. According to the Association for Play Therapy Board (1997) Play therapy is the systematic use of a theoretical model to establish an interpersonal process wherein trained play therapist use the therapeutic powers of play to help clients prevent or resolve psychological difficulties and achieve optimal growth and development (1997). The goal for play therapy is to be able to help provide a way for the children to express their feelings and experiences. There are two types of Play therapy that consist of Directive, and Non-directive. Non-directive play Therapy acknowledges and allows the child to direct the play. This technique has 5 different …show more content…

Children who have off-task behaviors have a hard time staying focused in school and even home life. This study focused on implementing play therapy to identify if this technique has been effective in treating off-task behaviors. The researchers wanted to focus on only the children who were identified as the “disruptive” individuals in class. There has been an approximately 20% of children who have experienced emotional problems (Walen, Sunny en et al, 2016). The children who struggled with emotional concerns often showed behavioral problems that consisted of impulsivity, aggression and verbal insult. The children showed symptoms of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A single-case research design was used for this study and Adlerian play …show more content…

The researchers had 275 students from two different elementary public schools from the United States participate in this study. These student were chosen based off the behavioral problems that had occurred during school. The ethnicity consisted of Caucasian, Hispanic, African American, and multiracial. Before the experiment began the therapist tried to build trust and provide a safe place for the child. It was important for the child to know that it was a safe place for them to express ones emotions. The students were separated into two different sections that consisted of play therapy and cognitive behavioral counseling. The goal for the first phase was for the therapist to have a better understanding on what the child’s lifestyle was. (Walen, Sunny en et al, 2016). The group that was assigned in the Adlerian play therapy were required to participate in creating a Dual Self Portrait of oneself. The reasoning for the Dual Self Portrait was to identify what the outer self and what others may see in the child. During the Cognitive behavioral therapy the majority of the children were not vocal about ones emotions and didn’t feel comfortable.
Now the findings in this study was that Play therapy portrayed a significantly positive role rather than Cognitive behavioral therapy in the children. The findings in the play therapy allowed the researchers to have a

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