Notes On Crime And Punishment

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Yr 8 Depth Study 1 - Crime & Punishment
Inquiry Scaffold

1. Read the sections in the national archives source before 1450 and 1450 - 1750. You need to look at the summary and at least two of the case studies found at the top right of each page.

Record the details of the case studies that you read.
Case Study 1 - Summary Notes (Crime before 1450 - nonviolent offences)
Case Study 2 - Summary notes (Punishment before 1450 - capital punishment)
Case Study 3 - Summary Notes (Crime prevention 1450 - 1750 - constables and watchmen)
“A jury of twelve men from each of the "hundreds" (districts of the county) of Oxfordshire brought any case or legal problem to the Eyre Court which could not be dealt with by local courts”
(, …show more content…

73.5% of all offences were theft. Theft was the most committed probably probably because of the rough circumstances they (peasants especially) were living in. Everyone was starving, and had barely any money. So there would have been a lot of theft because some people would get more food but for the same or less amount of work. Murder was also committed a lot, with 18.2% of the cases being for murder. There was a lot of murder probably because of other people stealing and then a fight started, or they didn’t get what they were owed. There was not so much of receiving stolen goods (6.2%), probably because most people would want to steal it for themselves, and have the pride of not being too weak to steal. And arson, counterfeiting coins, rape, treason and the rest of the possible court cases were not very common at all (2.1%). This was probably because most people who needed/wanted to do most of these thing didn’t have the resources to do so. For example, counterfeiting coins: the people that needed money the most was the peasants, so they would be the people who most wanted to counterfeit coins. But because of the few things they own/are allowed to use they wouldn’t have what they would need to counterfeit a coin.
“Theft: 73.5% of all offences
Murder: 18.2%
Receiving stolen goods: 6.2%
Arson, counterfeiting coins, rape, treason and all others: 2.1%”
(, 2017)
After 1450 (1450 - 1750), England became a more peaceful

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