Nutrition And Nutrition In Africa

Decent Essays

Hunger and malnutrition have always been at the forefront of Sub-Saharan Africa’s (SSA) public health issues, but with recent climate changes, food insecurity has been of more concern. Temperature increases and crop variability are among the few recent environmental challenges faced by a continent largely dependent on agricultural produce (Quaye et. al, 2012). In SSA, the agricultural economy plays a crucial role in the nourishment of African citizens. It contributes to 30% of their gross domestic product (GDP) and approximately 60% of SSA’s workforce are involved with agriculture. The productivity of crops grown for human consumption are at risk and often face droughts, flooding, loss of soil and water resources (Quaye et. al. 2012). Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest number of malnourished per capita with 33% of its population considered to be undernourished (Carter, 2006). The prevalence of malnutrition in SSA has only dropped 4% in the last twenty years, indicating a desperate need for a solution (Arthur et. al. 2014).
The use of genetically modified (GM) crops has been proposed as a solution to the devastating food insecurity in the SSA region. GM crops have the potential to increase food productivity and improve its nutrient composition. Additionally, the use of biotechnology has been argued to ensure sustenance and improve resource quality for the farmers of SSA (Qaim et. al., 2013). However, the implementation of GM crops into the agricultural economy of SSA has

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