Obesity And Obesity Related Diseases

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Obesity is primarily measured in body mass index or BMI, a BMI over 30 is considered obese. Until recently, there has been a steady rise of the obesity prevalence over the last three decades. The American taxpayers and the medical community face a huge challenge with regards to the 34.9% of adults and 16.9% of children who struggle with obesity (Ogden, Carroll, Kit, & Flegal, 2014). Even with the prevalence of obesity remaining flat, morbid obesity, a BMI of over 40 has increased by two to three times the rate of moderate obesity (Sturm, 2007). Furthermore, 22.9% of Americans have metabolic syndrome, a condition of excess belly fat and commonly referred to as the skinny on the outside fat on the inside disease. Metabolic syndrome, like obesity increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, type-one and type-two diabetes, cancer, and stroke (Beltrán-Sánchez, Harhay, Harhay, & McElligott, 2013). Unfortunately, the cost of treating obesity and obesity related diseases carry a significant financial burden for individuals, organizations, and the United States government. Americans pay a substantial price for medical costs associated with obesity. When accounting for instrumental variables, obesity increased projected expenses by 150% per obese individual (Cawley & Meyerhoefer, 2012). Additionally, the cost of annual productivity losses from obesity-related work absences averages $4.88 billion nationally (Trogon, Finkelstein, Hylands, Dellea, & Kamal-Bahl, 2008). Furthermore, the
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