Erik Ericson psychosocial theory attempts to explain some of the natural changes that occur in each human being in relation between the social environment and self-understanding. In his eight stages, he describes, “the emergence of the self, the search for identity, the individual's relationships with others, and the role of culture throughout life” (Woolfolk, 2013, p. 87). In one of the eight stages, Ericson established the role that adolescence plays in a person’s life, identity versus role confusion. Identity refers to the organization of the individual's drives, abilities, beliefs, and history into a consistent image of self” (p. 90). According to Erickson in the adolescence, a person must confront the “central issue of constructing an identity that will provide a firm basis for adulthood… adolescence marks the first time that a conscious effort is made to answer the now pressing question: ‘Who am I?’” (p. 90)
“Erikson believed that people go through eight life stages, each of which involves a central crisis. Adequate resolution of each crisis leads to greater personal and social competence and a stronger foundation for solving future crises” (p. 109). That is why, many high school students are looking for peer acceptance, they value their opinions in a search for leadership or someone that inspire them, and gradually develops a set of “individual's drives, abilities, beliefs, and history into a consistent image of self” (p. 91).
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