OPEN STANDARDS Origin of Open Standards Well firstly, standards are documents laying out procedures, stipulations and guidelines. Standards are designed to ensure that services, systems and products are consistent, safe and reliable. The term open standards can be define as a standard that is independent of any single owner and the general public can also amendment such standard. It also facilitate interoperability and maximise access to data, products, resources and services and are intended for widespread adoption. Other elements of open standards are but not limited to Reasonably balance – ensuring that the process is not controlled by any specific group or individual; Due process – consideration of and response to comments of …show more content…
Extension or subset Implementations of open standards may be extended, however, certification organizations may decline to certify subset implementations, and may place requirements upon extensions. Predatory practices Open standards may employ license terms that protect against subversion of the standard by embrace and extend tactics. The licenses attached to the standard may require the publication of reference information for extensions, and a license for all others to create, distribute and sell software that is compatible with the extensions. An open standard may not otherwise prohibit extensions. Some examples of open standards bodies are World Wide Web Consortium (W3C); Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF); International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the National Information Standards Organization (NISO). • World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) – responsible for the development of web standards; • Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) – responsible for the development of internet standards; • International Organization for Standardization (IOS) - Benefits of open standards There are several benefit to an organization that choose to open standards to include application Independence; platform independent; long-term access and architectural integrity. • Application Independence – this ensure that having access to resources is not dependent on a single application. • Platform
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First World Savings and Loan is a financial institution that processes credit card transactions and loan applications online. We are currently considering implementing an open source infrastructure. This could potentially save us over $4,000,000 per year in licensing fees for the software we are currently using. However, due to our business needs; we must still comply with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX), Payment Card Industry - Data Security Standard (PCI-DSS), and the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (GLBA). We must comply with SOX, because we are a publicly-traded financial institution; PCI-DSS, because we process online credit card transactions; and GLBA, because we are a financial institution. All
1. The main legal requirements that need to be considered, including Codes of Practice, explain the impact that these have on the organisation.
The shift to open-source software involved in a major cultural change for the Department of Defense. Seiferth (1999) state “ The department of Defense can realize significant gains by the formal adoption, support and use of open licensed systems. We can lower costs and improve the quality of our systems and the speed at which they are developed. Open Licensing can improve the morale and retention of airmen and improve our ability to defend the nation. These benefits are accessible at any point in the acquisition cycle and even benefit deployed and operational systems. Open Licensing can reduce acquisition, development, maintenance and support costs and increased interoperability among our own systems and those of our allies. Over the last forty-years,
The Department of Defense (DoD) considers open-source software comparable to commercial, warranting attention during purchase decisions (O’Brien & Marakas, 2011). Open=-Source software is outlined as a software in which the code is available to use, make modifications, and distribute to other users. It also allows users to fix issues upon occurrence in place of waiting for the developer to resolve. This is beneficial not only for the DoD, but interfacing companies as well. By taking advantage of Web based services, development times and costs are reduced. This type software also eliminates companies which deal with the DoD from meeting specific requirements with other programs.
“ISO is commonly known as ‘International Organization for Standardization’, the ISO 9001:2000 standard is used for quality systems audited by outside auditors. This standard is applicable for manufacturing companies not only for software. This standard is given based on the documentation, design, production, testing, servicing and other processes.” (Testing Excellence.com, 2009).
As a result, there are overwhelming criticisms against Microsoft. People view Microsoft as an unethical business entity by creating “monopoly” and using unfair tactics to control the software market as a whole. Although it is important to realize that even Microsoft does not technically fit the definition of monopoly, there is no doubt that it processes tremendous power in the software industry. Along with this magical power, it could make influential decisions among governments’ rules and regulations in terms of intellectual property laws and foreign trade policies. Thus, we have to keep in mind that acting within the laws does not necessarily acting in an
With the advent of the term open source, it now appears that everything is open source, or is at least sold that way. When not applied to programming, “open content” is used to describe a wide range of activities that have nothing to do with computer software. There is still the problem of
IETF is to make internet work better. Mission of IETF is to produce high quality, relevant technical documents which influence people to use, design and manage internet. IETF working groups are referred as WG’s. Working groups are created to address a specific problem or to produce one or more than one specific deliveries. WG’s are generally intended to be standard and short lived in nature.
European Standards, the documents that have been ratified by one of the three European Standardization Organizations (ESOs), CEN, CENELEC or ETSI.