Pain Management

1997 Words Jul 13th, 2018 8 Pages
Pain management
There are many analgesic drugs. Among those the oxycodone is the most pain reliever of opioid analgesic drug. Oxycodone is classified as schedule II controlled substance. It is commonly combined in tablets with acetaminophen (Percocet) and with aspirin (Percodan). Oxycodone is available in the form of immediate-release (Oxy IR) and sustained- release (OxyContin). It is a strong pain reliever often used to control moderate to severe pain, postoperative, acute, and chronic pain. Oxycodone is classified pharmacologically as a class of opioid agonists, and opioid synthetic while, therapeutic classification oxycodone is opioid analgesics, and Pregnancy category B. Oxycodone. The opioid analgesic drugs are originated from the
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Less common side effects delayed gastric emptying, hyperalgesia, immunologic and hormonal dysfunction, muscle rigidity, and myoclonus.” Klein, M., Rudich, Z., Gurevich, B., Lifshitz, M., Brill, S., Lottan, M., & Weksler, N. (2005). Controlled-release oxycodone-induced seizures. Clinical Therapeutics, 27(11), 1815-1818.
Legal/Ethical issues in pain management—Oxycodone use
Oxycodone is mostly used in a hospice care facility to provide “End of Life” care for a terminally ill patient. In hospice facilities, the primary care provided for the patient is making his/her final days pain free and provide comfort. Most patients and families who use hospice services expect that the hospice will make every effort to relieve the pain which afflicts their loved one. (Hospice Alliance). Pain relieving in such facilities usually involve use of narcotics such as oxycodone, morphine, and fentanyl. When a patient is experiencing an excruciating pain in the facility, effective pain relief is a primary ethical obligation based upon the principles of beneficence, nonmaleficence and patient autonomy. The foundation of pain management begins with a complete assessment, which incorporates “WILDA” (words, intensity, location, duration, aggravating/alleviating factors) and considers the components of physical,

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