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Piaget's Cognitive Development Study

Decent Essays
The period of physical growth in a child’s life is truly an amazing milestone. The most notable and obvious of the physical growth that occurs between the ages of 2 and 12 is the doubling in height and weight, despite the actual decline in growth rate post-infancy (Belsky, 2016). The less obvious physical growth occurring simultaneously, are the gross and fine motor skills. Gross motor skills can be described as, “large muscle movements, such as running, climbing, and hopping”, whereas fine motor skills involve more “coordinated movements” that allow children to print their name (Belsky, 2016, p.138). The rate of development of gross and fine motor skills between the ages of 2 and 6 is truly remarkable. Beginning at age 2, a child is still learning how to walk and barely possesses the fine motor skills to pick objects up. Compare that with age 6, when they’ve mastered walking up and down stairs, hop on…show more content…
Preoperational thinking is characterized by a child’s inability to understand and conceptualize the way in which things work within the world (Belsky, 2016). This stage of development is best understood by examining Piaget’s famous conservation tasks. During this stage of cognitive development, children are unable to understand that two identical amounts of mass or liquid can represented differently (Schiff & Saarni, 1976). Piaget believed that the transition from preoperational to concrete operational thinking occurred gradually between the ages of 5 and 7 (Belsky, 2016). At age 8, Piaget believed children reached the concrete operational thinking stage and can now step back and view the world with a greater degree of rationality (Belsky, 2016). The foundation of Piaget’s theory is that the child himself is the driver of cognitive development and that he must move through the stages on his own (van Geert,
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