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Piaget's Theory, And Developmental Theories Of Early Childhood Education

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There are four types of developmental theories that early childhood educators study: sociocultural, biological, behaviorist, and cognitive development. Each of the four theories has shaped the way early childhood education has been designed in recent years. The main reason to study these theories is to discover how children typically develop and what early childhood educators can do to help facilitate their growth Teachers who are knowledgeable about child development and learning are able to make broad predictions about what children of a particular age group typically will be like, what they typically will and will not be capable of, and what strategies and approaches will most likely promote their optimal learning and development. (NAEYC, 2009, p.9). A cognitive-development approach to learning states that children are actively involved in the learning process. To them, learning comes naturally and they don’t need much external motivation or a system of punishments and rewards driving them to master subject areas. One important aspect of Piaget’s theory of cognitive development is how children learn to process the information they receive. Assimilation, accommodation, and equilibrium are steps in the learning process. A child is introduced to new information, relates it something familiar, and decides to change their existing viewpoint based on this new information. A child builds their expertise based on schemas, or prior knowledge, at each stage of the learning
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