Police Agencies and Law Enforcements

812 Words3 Pages
Police Agencies Law enforcement is a major element to keeping the balance of a society. Yet, it is an incredibly complex endeavor. In this country, the execution of law enforcement has been broken up into local, state, and federal agencies that all address varying elements of law enforcement, and often in collaboration with each other. The current structure of law enforcement in this country is very complex. There are various types of police agencies broken up based on differing jurisdiction (Grant & Te My 12). Today, there are over 18,000 police agencies working within the context of the United States (Walker & Katz 59). These agencies enforce our legal structure through social control and force (Grant & Te My 7). This maintains a very delicate balance that helps protect and serve the larger society. These agencies employed 731,903 full-time officers in 2004 (Walker & Katz 62). Still, this sometimes doesn't even seem like enough. In fact, this country is notorious for a very low police to population ratio, and "the national average for local agencies is 2.5 sworn officers per thousand" (Walker & Katz 63). The structure of legal system as it stands today is costing around $57.5 billion annually (Walker & Katz 63). This creates a situation where the structure of police departments and agencies is incredibly fragmented. This has often been a source of controversy when examining the structure and functions of police agencies in contemporary American society. Thus,
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