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Premature Birth Essay

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Health problems associated with premature birth Premature birth has been linked to a vast array of lungs problems, the earlier the birth the greater risk of health complications(Davis R and Mychaliska G, 2013). A majority of the health problems will affect the infant for the rest of their life (Davis R and Mychaliska G, 2013). Infants born between the canalicular and the saccular period (week 25) have lung development that is unsuitable for gas exchange (Davis R and Mychaliska G, 2013). Two major complications that arise with undeveloped lungs is bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and pulmonary arterial hypertension (Mahgoub L. et al. 2017). Bronchopulmonary dysplasia occurs in about 40 percent of premature births during very to…show more content…
et al. 2017). Pulmonary hypertensions occurs in about 8-23% of premature infants (Vyas-Read S et. al. 2017). One method of determine if a patient has pulmonary arterial hypertension is by lung function test (Davis R and Mychaliska G, 2013). One current method used to help treat pulmonary arterial hypertension is assisted ventilation, the method helps lower blood pressure (Davis R and Mychaliska G, 2013). However assisted ventilation can not be used in all preterm infants some extracorporeal life support which will provide respiratory and veno-arterial support (Davis R and Mychaliska G, 2013).

Lung Function Tests When trying to determine lung function of premature infants can be quite difficult, the main issue is to ensure the safety of the infant. One of the newest methods of measuring lung function is pulmonary and arterial resistance and compliance test (RC tests). RC tests are two different lung function test that when combined together can determine a thorough understanding of lung function (Okada S. et. al., 2017). One part of the RC test is the resistor-capacitor test (RP). The RP test is used to determine the blood flow through the pulmonary vasculature (Okada S. et. al., 2017). The second part to the RC test are the pulmonary arterial compliance test which determines the the blood vessels elasticity and extensibility (Okada S. et. al., 2017). When the data from the RP and CP test are merged the data can determine the pressure of the pulmonary
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