Abstract By exploring sources that address the topic of premature infants and music therapy, the author of this paper discusses about the effect of music on specific common issue that the NICU can cause to premature infants. The effect of music therapy on stabilizing premature infants’ breathing and heart rate is addressed. The author also points out that music can be a stimulus for premature infants to learning life-matter skill such as the sucking behavior.
The Effect of Music Therapy For Premature Infants in NICU
In March 2013, New York City, Andrea Zalkin discovered that she was pregnant for 26 weeks. One week later, at Beth Israel Medical Center, Andrea gave birth to a baby boy who only weighed two and a half pounds when he was born. Andrea named her son Hudson. To Andrea, Hudson is an angle. However, because Hudson came to the world too early and was not ready to experience everything on his own, he had to stay in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unite (NICU) and could not be discharged from it until he reached his original due date. While waiting for her son to grow and strengthen, Andrea decided to use music to help stabilizing her baby son in the disturbing environment of NICU.
Angela Ferraiuolo-Thompson is a music therapist in the Beth Israel Medical Center and she is now the therapist for Andrea and Hudson. In order to help Hudson grow in a better condition, Angela made a series of plans to help Hudson reduce his heart rate and breathing rate and
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Music Therapy is used for many reasons and can be helpful in many ways. Music has been proven to be a therapeutic service to people because it’s helped people to contain themselves and even express themselves through the music that they listen to. This treatment is beneficial to many humans because it’s a good way to help one’s emotions without any medication (American Music Therapy Association). For example, music is used to treat pain and reduce stress. In Amy Novotney’s article about music therapy, she says, “The beep of ventilators and infusion pumps, the hiss of oxygen, the whir of carts and the murmur of voices as physicians and nurses make rounds — these are the typical noises a premature infant hears spending the first days of life in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). While the sounds of such life-saving equipment are tough to mute, a new study suggests that some sounds, such as lullabies, may soothe pre-term babies and their parents, and even improve the infants' sleeping and eating patterns, while decreasing parents' stress (Pediatrics, 2013)” (Novotney). Another example of how music is a reliable therapeutic resource is for people with autism. In Catherine Ulbricht’s article, she states that “People who have autism spectrum disorders often show a heightened interest and response to music. This may
For many centuries, music has been applied as a therapeutic tool and effected some disease treatment of methods. In 18 century, the idea of music as a therapy that showed the article in Columbian Magazine titled ” Music Physically Considered. ” In 19 century, many psychiatrist started to use the music to cure disease and even experiment it to their patients. In 20 century, especially after World War I and World War II, throughout apply the music therapy for the veterans suffering both physical and emotional injury from the war. Music extremely effective solve the variety of diseases, for example, depression, during pregnancy, and dementia. Nowadays, music therapy extends to application in hospital or school of disability children. In the end, the professional organization was established that increased the
From 1997 to about 2007 the number of children with autism spectrum disorder has increase from 42,517 to about 258,305 and has risen since (Reschke-Hernández, 2011). With this rise of children who have autism, the rise of music therapy has since appeared greatly. When music therapy was first documented, the music was used in both group and individual settings. It was used with those who lacked social skills, those who needed rehabilitation, for self-expression, for psychological improvement and also recreational purposes (Rescheke- Hernández, 2011). Music therapist use techniques such as improvisation music therapy, dancing and singing, speech dynamics, and rhythm to help clients with social skills, body awareness and communication skills (Rescheke- Hernández, 2011). Children who are diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder can be treated through music therapy to enhance their social skills, learning skills, and coordination.
The area of interest for my research this semester revolves around music and children. My three research questions are 1. How does music affect behavior? 2. How do different types of music affect development in children? 3. Does music have a substantial role in child development? I chose this as my area of interest because I have always been passionate about both music and children. I grew up listening to a wide variety of music. Hip-hop, Country, R&B, Opera, Jazz, Rap, Pop, etc. I was also involved in many choirs, and even got the chance to participate in a couple musicals. My appreciation for music has grown substantially over the years, as well as my interest in its effects. Children are another major part of my life as I have always been intrigued by them. It is amazing to see a child grow and develop. Seeing from when they are first born, to watch them slowly reach milestones and develop their minds, and just their outlook on life is very fascinating.
Different authors looked at different variables as well as used their own methods in reducing light, noise and movement. Comparing all of the studies, it was difficult to find any strong patterns or consistencies between studies apart from the inclusion of light in more than one study. It is evident that in this field, different researchers have analysed different variables and used different methods, which makes it challenging to fully solve this problem in preterm infants. In terms of the overall hypothesis, there is inconclusive evidence and not enough studies done in the area about the effect, if any, of light and noise on the neuropsychological development and sleep patterns on preterm infants. Despite the limited number of studies on the variable of movement, all researchers agreed that movement (tactile/kinaesthetic stimulation) had positive effects on a range of developmental outcomes of preterm infants. Ultimately, the fact that Physicians have complained about the detrimental impact of unacceptable high levels of these variables in the environment of the NICU ward, and nothing has been done to change it yet paints a very bleak picture for the neonatal preterm infants of the future. Only two studies suggested new solutions for this ongoing problem, but yet again none of these have been tried, tested or proven in real cases. The fact that there are barely any studies done on the variable of constant movement makes problems in this field of research even more challenging to solve, hence the need for further interest and research on the specific variables of constant movement, light and noise if we are going to provide and create a healthier NICU environment and future for our next
The infants benefit, since the music helps prepare the brain to think in a special way. According to Dr. Diane Bales, in his article called "Building Baby's Brain": The Role of Music ", this structure stimulates the same patterns in the brain that are responsible forrazonamient .the Music also plays a positive role in skills language. According to Ann Gadzikowski, coordinator of the Museum Child in Chicago, there is a strong connection between the development of language and musical skills. To develop both language and musical skills, we must learn to Audits identify
The effects of stimulation on infant development cannot be understated. The more research that has gone into the importance of this the more emphasis is placed on attempting to correct sensory deprivation. In hospital NICUs we see more interaction with children that are born premature. We are also seeing a greater emphasis on placing orphaned children into homes where they can benefit from direct caregiver contact and have a more stimulating environment to explore. Now, more than in the past, we see the need
Medical researchers at the University of Alberta provided evidence that music decreases children's perceived sense of pain. The researchers conducted a clinical research trial of forty-two children between the ages of three and eleven who came to the pediatric emergency department at the Stollery Children's Hospital and needed intravenous (IV) insertion. Some of the children listened to music while getting an IV placement, while others only received IV placement. Researchers measured the children's distress; as well as, satisfaction levels of parents, and health-care providers who administered the IVs.
Everyone knows that lullabies help babies sleep. But as a new study reveals they can also ease pain, Ivan Hewett explores why music has such a powerful effect on infants It turns out that lullabies ease pain and anxiety in children. This story is quite new – and as often happens, you wonder why anyone would think it was news. Isn’t that why lullabies emerged in the first place, to stop children being afraid of the dark, still their fidgety bodies and minds, and lull them off to
The article titled, “The effects of mother’s singing on full term and preterm infants and maternal emotional responses”, discusses the effects of mother’s singing on their full term or preterm newborn infants within the first two weeks after the birth of their infant. The study focused on fifty-four full term infants, fifty-four mothers, twenty premature infants, and sixteen mothers. All of the subjects were assigned to either experimental or control conditions. The mothers that were in both of the experimental groups were recorded singing songs of their preference for use at home. The recordings of each mother’s voice were played twenty minutes per day, three to five times a week to their preterm infant during the time when the mother was not able to visit her infant in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU).
Jodi Picoult, New York Times best-selling author of Sing You Home once said, "Music therapy, to me, is music performance without the ego. It’s not about entertainment as much as it 's about empathizing. If you can use music to slip past the pain and gather insight into the workings of someone else’s mind, you can begin to fix a problem." Music therapy is precisely that: an assuaging therapy meant to heal patients who need empathy, love, and tranquility. Patients in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), residents of nursing homes, or non-verbal people on the autism spectrum all can use music therapy to their advantage. Music therapy is truly beautiful to many patients, who are not the only people benefitting from this type of therapy. Therapists and family members are wholly affected by music therapy as they watch their patients or loved ones develop through the love of music. Although music therapy is not for all patients, it has wonderful perquisites for many disorders and injuries.
There are multiple ways to heal and multiple benefits that come out of healing. One of those healing methods is Music Therapy. Music Therapy has been shown to help many people of all age groups, a specific group being children with autism. It helps benefit children with autism by improving their communication and social skills. Just simply listening to music calms and puts the brain at ease. Music Therapy is beneficial to this specific group because though they may have deficits socially, they show none when it comes to musical affect. This form of therapy allows autistic children to improve those social skills in a fun and engaging way.
Children are generally thought of as happy and carefree individuals. Most of them fit this description, but others suffer from mental and physical disabilities that can sometimes go unseen by the public. The families of these individuals can tell you that these illnesses are life changing and most parents are willing to do anything to help their children and improve their lives. A new form of therapy has recently become more popular as a form of treatment and has the ability to help many children and families. This new idea is known as music therapy. Music therapy is a powerful tool to help improve the lives of many children with genetic disorders such as Autism and Down Syndrome.
Recently in the United States, there has been a drive at both the state and national level to provide universal screening for newborns to detect hearing loss. Although the idea of a universal screening in newborns is a new phenomenon, research has examined the impact of early intervention and screening for children with hearing loss. “Most professionals in the field feel strongly that early identification of hearing loss and early implementation of intervention enhances the child’s social, communicative, and academic development” (Calderon, 1998, p. 54). With that, the two studies used participants in the same early intervention program and mainly focused on the importance of the age of enrollment. Furthermore, the age of enrollment
This study was conducted to examine the impact that music has on primiparous women and their pain and anxiety during labor. It was hypothesized that music therapy would produce more favorable outcomes in reducing pain and anxiety compared to standard care without music therapy. The women were chosen from a convenience sample at two hospitals in southern Taiwan with criteria that included: primiparous women with a normal pregnancy, carrying to term, planning to deliver vaginally, and planning a natural birth without the use of analgesics to relieve pain. Women were excluded if they received an epidural and if a caesarean section was performed. Out of an original 103 women recruited, 43 women were excluded or dropped out due to caesareans, epidurals, or abnormal circumstances, and a total of 60 participants were included in this study. The average age of participants was 27.12 and all were first-time mothers. The sample size was determined by Analysis of covariance which estimated 26 participants for each group (Liu, Chang, & Chen, 2009, p. 1067).