PRENATAL COUNSELING FOR HAEMOPHILIA
Haemophilia is an inherited blood disorder in which the blood does not clot and the bleeding disorders are due to defects in the blood vessels, the coagulation mechanism, or the blood platelets. An individual who is suffering from the disorder may bleed spontaneously and doesn’t clot or may bleed for longer period as compared to normal, healthy person.
It is the condition where an individual is having deficiency of the clotting factor. When coagulation factors are missing or deficient, the bleeding continues.
There are two main types of Haemophilia - Haemophilia A and Haemophilia B
Why do we need prenatal counseling?
Literature suggests that approximately 1 in 5,000 males are born with Haemophilia A and 1 in 30,000 males are born with Haemophilia B.…show more content… She can pass the affected gene to her children.
Prenatal counseling helps parents and families to understand the diagnosis and its implications. This is particularly important for the reproductive choices of the people who have haemophilia or are carriers and want information about natural, assisted and non-reproductive opportunities available for the family planning, and help early preparation for the possibility of having a child with haemophilia.
So to avoid further complications and for a healthy pregnancy outcome with a healthy baby, prenatal counseling about haemophilia is a good initiative to make the parents aware about the consequences so that they are able to take an informed decision.
In developed countries, there are special genetic counseling departments who help the families to become aware about the condition and to have improved outcome. The team consist of haematologists or blood specialists, nurses, social workers, physical therapists and health care providers who help the families to understand the condition, its prevention and treatment.
The prenatal tests for diagnosing