Prison Systems Essay

1251 Words Apr 26th, 2011 6 Pages
Prison Systems Comparison Essay
Alexa Werstiuk
CJA/234

Introduction

State Prison History

The state prisons today were founded on the basis of the 1700s to 1800’s during the Age of Enlightenment. The English correctional facility referred to as a “gaol,” commonly known as a jail. They housed men, women, children, the mentally ill along with the civil and criminals. The individuals suffered from idleness, diseases, despair and malnutrition. The gaols were maintained by local authorities, classification did not exist, and the purpose of gaol was to detain or hold people for court.

The Department of Corrections houses all adult felons through out the state. The adult felons include those on probation as well as on
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This restricts the visitations rights, monitoring all telephone calls and mail. Inmates are Arab Muslins, thus communications have been greatly enhanced [Passive voice] to translate content and share intelligence, which is authorized by the Patriot Act. (Foster, 2003).

Federal Prison Security

The federal prison also has five levels of security in this order; minimum, low, medium, high and administrative. Federal prisons are operated [Passive voice] by the Department of Justice and within the system are layers of correctional institutions for gender segregation and sentencing classification.

The minimum security is federal prison camps adjacent to other federal prisons near military bases. Male prisoners who need only minimum security are set up in camps and those who will be transitioned [Passive voice] back into society and served their sentence will be set-up in a halfway house.

Low security or correctional institutions are for males and female inmates with intermediate or short-term sentences they are never housed together. This correctional institution has double fencing resembling dormitory housing.

Medium security have stronger perimeters, cell blocks and the guards have a greater internal control over inmates. The high security penitentiaries look just like every other penitentiary.

Administrative security also called the