The Protestant Reformation Produces Puritanism Martin Luther: German friar who believed that only the Bible was God’s word and started Protestant Reformation Protestant Reformation: Movement that denounced the Church and believed that the Bible was the only true word of God John Calvin: Believed a reformation was needed so much he had ideas that affected the New World’s future Institutes of the Christian Religion: A book by John Calvin that explained the Protestant systematic theology Calvinism: became the main theological religion and preached that everyone had a predestined life Predestination: A main concept in Calvinism that stated that everyone’s life was predestined, for better or for worse Calvinism had a profound effect on England …show more content…
XV. Quaker Pennsylvania and Its Neighbors Pennsylvania attracted many Dutch, Swedish, English, and Welsh squatters The city of Philadelphia was considered one of the best colonial cities as it was planned well and had wide and attractive streets Pennsylvania was popular among Indians (they were treated very fairly) and immigrants as Penn employed a very liberal land policy Grains and foodstuffs were the main exports that came from Pennsylvania Delaware and New Jersey sprung from Pennsylvania in 1674 and 1703 respectively The settlers and Indians interacted with one another without weapons and Quakers even used some as babysitters. Unfortunately non-Quakers from Ireland and Scotland were not as tolerant towards the Indians. Penn wasn’t appreciated when he was alive as he was friends with King James II, who was overthrown in England and died in a debtors prison
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There are good things in this colony, but there are still bad things in this colony. There are many good things in this colony such as the good farmland and the rainy climate. The Pennsylvania colony practices to policy of tolerance. This means that this colony accepts all religions. Also this colony is called,” the best poor man’s country.” It is called this because it is easy to get a job to get money.
William Penn, an English entrepreneur, had an unforeseen impact on the history of the United States of America. Penn had been already a champion for democracy, religious freedom, and anti-slavery movements. Through his good relations with both the common people of England and the Indians of Pennsylvania, Penn was able to secure an entire state for many years to come. So that people could escape persecution for their religious beliefs, have more freedom, and have a good relationship with the Indians.
In 1681, Penn and 11 other Quakers brought the Proprietary rights to east New Jersey. King Charles II owed Penn’s father, Admiral Sir William Penn, and in return Penn persuaded the king to grant him a “vast province on the west bank of the Delaware River” (Samuel, 2000). It was named Pennsylvania, which means Penn’s woods, after his father. Penn decided that his colony was going to be different from the rest of the colonies in that they were going to be a Quaker based colony. He believed in a “divine right of government” and formed the government of Pennsylvania as a “holy experiment” in governing. This type of government is considered being ahead of its time as it set forth a representative form of government. The penal system was designed to reform not just punish, and “all prisoners except capital prisoners were entitled to bail, work houses were substituted for dungeons and the death penalty was limited to murder and treason”. Also, Penn instituted public education and designed Philadelphia and other towns to promote health and fire safety. Being that Penn was in charge of the colony, he was given the opportunity to practice the Quaker Peace Testimony. He realized that a lot of the land that he was living on
Lutheranism was started by Martin Luther, a German theologian who instigated the very beginning of the Protestant Reformation. Luther 's protest was written down in his famous 95 Theses of 1517, which critiqued the Roman Catholic Church as a system, which claimed to be essential for human salvation, yet was noticeably-corrupt and hypocritical. Luther attacked the very dogma that stated the unique and divinely sanctioned role of the papacy and church. Hence, he was excommunicated from the Catholic Church; Luther responded to it by translating the Bible from Latin to German, writing the "Book of Concord" - a collection of theological texts meant to replace the Catholic tradition - and building a new religious movement based on these works.
Like many people back then they came to the one place that many went to ,to avoid getting killed. And that place was America. When coming to America some Quakers had already made their way to New England (a place founded on religious freedom), but the Puritans didn’t want them there. The Quaker some found themselves being treated just like when they Britin, with Some they hanged and others they banished. Later on, a number came to New Jersey, where they soon became so numerous that Penn took part with other Quakers in the purchase of that province. Some of these settlers crossed the Delaware to its western side. Thus when Penn reached America he found Quakers in his new province.
Starting in the late 1600’s to the early 1700’s, the great nation of America began to take its shape. The Mid- Atlantic colonies, consisting of Pennsylvania, New York, Delaware, and New Jersey, were especially productive in this growing time period. Through their diverse population they created an atmosphere of amity throughout the region, attracting large numbers of European immigrants. Their extremely tolerant habits in regards to differences in religious beliefs anticipated the American future. The colonies not only shaped the way for thousands of new settlers coming to the New World, but they also began an empire of agriculture and trade for generations to follow due to their prestigious land and prime location. The colonists during the early 18th century in the Mid Atlantic region
A major 16th century movement initially aimed at reforming the beliefs and practices of the Roman Catholic Church, the Reformation was begun by a German monk named Martin Luther who challenge the Catholic Church’s doctrine by posting his 95 Theses on a church door. He did this because he was appalled that the church was selling indulgences, which were written letters that assured people’s salvation, in order to build a new Basilica in Rome under Pope Leo X. Martin Luther argued that the Bible, not the pope, was the central means to discern God’s word and was the only thing capable of giving salvation.
The Reformation was a high religion stage that took place during Western Churches of the 16th century. Martin Luther King Jr. and also John Calvin was one of the greatest leaders of all time. The ability to have these two powerful men; at which Martin and Calvin both had brought forth an economic, political, and social effect. This had made the Reformation a founding of Protestantism. This made this one of the three major branches of Christianity.
14. ’05 Compare and contrast the motives and actions of Martin Luther in the German states and King Henry VIII in England in bringing about religious change during the Reformation.
One of the most prominent of these reformists was Martin Luther a former catholic came to reject the teachings of the Catholic Church instead stating that salvation through faith instead of salvation through deeds. As Luther began to spread his radicalized ideas opposition grew within the Catholic Church. The 95 Theses authored by Luther himself were not written in Latin so those only of the church could read it but in the vernacular tongue of German so the common people could read and understand as well. Which at the time was uncommon for anything much less religious documents to not be written in Latin. Eventually Luther was called to defend his 95 Theses in front of the 1518 Diet of Augsburg where he debated for three days with Cardinal Thomas Cajetan without reaching agreement. Martin Luther was eventually excommunicated on January 3rd 1521 after refusing to recant after being given 120 days to
The Protestant Reformation refers to a movement that occurred 1517 when Martin Luther, a priest who taught at the University of Wittenberg, rebelled against the Roman Catholic Church. Luther’s action eventually created a movement called the Protestant Reformation, where he exposed the corrupt priests and criticized the indulgences sold by the Church. He urged people to instead read the Bible, rather than following the orders of the Pope. After Luther was condemned by the Catholic priests and popes, he was expelled from the Church and sentenced to death. Fortunately, he was protected by a powerful German prince and became a “folk hero” towards the German dukes. The movement was important to America’s history because
Released in the early ages of the 16th century, was the dissatisfaction of many believers of god. The protestant reformation put a vicious end to what the church had been practicing for hundreds of years under the Roman Catholic church. The reformation sparked in Germany and spread even faster than the Black Plague. It was a time where people realized the corruption and dishonesty of the church and addressed the abuse that has been going on for ages. This expression of change led a path to an altered version of christianity which was protestantism.
“Unless I am convinced by proofs from scriptures or by plain and clear reasons and arguments, I can and will not retract anything I have written, for it is neither safe nor wise to do anything against conscience. Here I stand. I can do no other. God help me. Amen.” Martin Luther stated these words in 1521 when he was asked whether he still believed what his works taught. The Protestant Reformation was a movement during the 16th century, which aimed to reform some beliefs and practices of the Roman Catholic Church. The reformation was led by a German monk named Martin Luther and was further modified by John Calvin, a French theologian and Henry VIII, the king of England. The ideas bought forward by these individuals started the Protestant Reformation, which triggered wars, prosecutions and the Counter-Reformation.
Martin Luther, born November 10th, 1483 was an influential model to society and started the Protestant Reformation. Growing up in a German Catholic family with his parents wanting him to pursue a career in law, they were not very happy when he decided to change that and become a monk and theology professor. After becoming a monk, he realized that he did not agree with the Catholic Church and created the “95 Theses” which caused him to break away from the Catholic Church and start the Protestant Reformation. Martin Luther’s life was all about changing the view of the Catholic Church, letting the people have power and not just the church, and allowing a better connection between god and his people.
The Protestant Reformation was protests for reform of the Catholic Church. This happened in the 16th and 17th century, also known as the middle and/or dark ages. The person that started all of this was Martin Luther from Wittenberg, Germany. Luther started all this because he wanted the corruption within papacy. He started off by writing 95 these and nailed them to the church door for everyone to see.