University of Phoenix Material
Industrial/Organizational Psychology Worksheet
The purpose of this assignment is to examine the fundamental concepts of the field of industrial/organizational psychology. Using the textbook, the University Library, the Internet, and/or other resources, answer the following questions. Your responses to each question will vary but overall should be 700- to 1,050-words in length.
1. Describe the evolution of the field of industrial/organizational psychology. According to Spector (2012) “I/O psychology is an eclectic field that has borrowed concepts, ideas, techniques, and theories from many other disciplines.” (p. 5). Industrial and organizational psychology, or something similar can be traced …show more content…
A person should consider I/O psychology as a science because of its use of scientific research and its practice and because of its use of descriptive and inferential statistics (Spector, 2012), “I/O psychologists do many different jobs in a wide variety of settings” (p. 6). One divides I/O settings into two areas of concern, which are scientific research and practice. The research area provides certain principles, which one applies in practice. The activity of practice involves using psychological principles for solving problems of the real-world. Scientific research and practice are both important in I/O psychology. I/O psychologist perform studies were the requirements of statistical methods are necessary for analysis of data. Statistical methods are used to perform studies are descriptive and inferential statistics. I/O psychologists use descriptive statistics for summarizing study results. I/O psychologists use inferential statistics for the purpose of interpreting the results of studies by using different statistical tests.
3. Discuss the influence industrial/organization psychology has had on organizations. Provide examples.
One of the largest organizations to have benefited from I/O psychology is the United States Government, even though only a small percentage of I/O psychologists work in this setting. The majority of I/O psychologists work in academic settings (e.g., college or university professors) teaching,
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysGet Access
There has been an ongoing debate on whether psychology is indeed scientific, although recent, psychology is now considered a science. This is because it uses scientific methodology in researching, devising treatments and measuring the outcomes. These methods include collecting and analysing data and concluding their findings in order to identify whether the research or treatment adequality solves the problem. Scientific studies must be replicable, this means the if repeated exactly the same, the results should produce an identical outcome. Replicability can be increased by ruling out any alternatives that may not have originally been thought of. Objectivity in science is the idea that scientist, in an attempt to get the best results, must first
2.After returning from a shopping trip with his mother, little Tommy reported, “I goed to the store and eated candy.” Why might a behaviorist such as B. F. Skinner have had some difficulty explaining Tommy's incorrect grammatical construction? What sort of theory could explain the errors? What would that explanation be?
14. Evolutionary theories often emphasize that humans have adapted to their physical environment. One such theory hypothesizes that people should spontaneously follow a 24-hour cycle of sleeping and waking—even if they are not exposed to the usual pattern of sunlight. To test this notion, eight paid volunteers were placed (individually) in a room in which there was no light from the outside and no clocks or other indications of time. They could turn the lights on and off as they wished. After a month in the room, each individual tended to develop a steady cycle. Their cycles at the end of the study were as follows: 25, 27, 25, 23,24, 25, 26, and 25.
Descriptive statistics are digits that are used to summarize and describe a given range of data (Klenke, 2008). Basic descriptive data includes, mean, median, mode, variance and standard deviation. The data can be rearranged in an ascending order as follows:
Psychology is a discipline that involves monitoring mental processes and behaviour scientifically. Psychologists try to delve into the basic functions of a person and animals cerebral activity. This usually involves studying relationships, emotions, personality and many more areas of a person or animals day to day life. Psychology tends to steer towards finding reasons for a person or animals actions in an attempt to resolve them.
You will be asked 10 questions about how you feel about safety in your school. Please choose an answer that reflects the way you feel most correctly. Please remember to be as honest as possible. Your identity will not be shared.
American Psychiatric Association (APA). 1994. Somatoform Dissociative Disorder, Dissociative Amnesia. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth Ed. Retrieved from http://behavenet.com/capsules/disorders/disamnesia.htm
Organizational and Industrial (I/O) psychology is used to improve different types of organizational functions. When tasks and employee relationships are not working properly within a company production and profit will be compromised. Some of the issues that I/O manages addresses include poor work habits and dysfunctional work relationships. The following will address group and team concepts that could be implemented to improve performance and diversity, leadership theories that can improve the relationship between management and floor workers, the influence
Psychological research describes investigations psychologists undertake in order to review and analyse a specific hypothesis, (a theory about the relationship between defined variables). Research allows theories to be confirmed, amended or rejected and often leads to further research as requirements evolve. Psychological research can take many forms, from laboratory based experiments to non-invasive viewing of subjects in their own environment. This research can take place using human or non-human subjects and the analysed results applied to human behaviour or experience within many disciplines including, education, legal or occupational.
Industrial organizational psychology is a field of psychology concerned with the application of psychological theories and doctrine to organizations. This field concentrates on improving workplace output and interrelated issues such as the mental and physical welfare of employees. Experts in the industrial organizational field offer a wide variety of services including investigating worker attitudes and conduct, assessing companies, and perform leadership training exercises. The overall objective of this discipline is to investigate and comprehend human behavior in the office. Occupational issues bear great significance to psychologists, given that most employees spend the majority of their adult lives working in offices. Work acts as the defining factor for all human beings making it an important subject to study (Avsec, 2010: Weinberg, Sutherland, Cooper, & Palgrave Connect, 2010). Other related issues that are of interest to psychologists include correlating between the right job and individual character set and discovering new methods of lowering workplace stress.
It is important everything we learned in the Industrial Organizational Psychology class because it relates to the workplace in different aspects and the employees, managements and I can apply it in the workplace. I would like to apply in my workplace everything I learned about Theories and concepts. I would like to share with my supervisor and management to find better solutions to the issues the company faces. I would like to discuss how I personally will apply the “Organizational Communication, Legal Issues and Motivation, which I consider them extremely important to be aware of the benefits that this concepts have to help achieve the company goals and to help employees to be successful employees.
The purpose of this paper is to evaluate how functionalism and cognitive psychology align with Industrial/Organizational (I/O) psychology, and defend the use functionalism and cognitive psychology, schools of thought to support the research topic on the effect of technological advancements, such as avatars, holograms, and computer/web-based instruction in employee training and development. In addition this paper serves as a call to action for those in the I/O psychology field to become leaders in research and the development of theories that practical applications in the work environment.
I/O psychology is “scientific study” of the human behaviour in the workplace and the organization as a whole (Scheute & Coetzee, 2010). Its purpose is to create an better work environment for workers and at the same time assure productivity for the business, but many people today even I/O psychologist themselves are not able to describe what is the purpose of a I/O psychologist and give the reason why they are needed in the work industry. This essay will therefore persuade the reader that organizations need to employ I/O psychologists because the skills and expertise obtained by a particular individual in I/O psychology will be useful for the long term productivity of an industry and those skills will also insure the long term wellbeing of the employees.