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Psychoanalysis : A Systematic Structure Of Theories Regarding The Relations Of Conscious And Unconscious Psychological Processes

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What is Psychoanalysis?
Psychoanalysis is a systematic structure of theories concerning the relations of conscious and unconscious psychological processes (Dictionary). Psychoanalysis comes from the German word Psychoanalyse which means to investigate or to treat. By this means whatever troubles or nightmare that someone has in their unconscious mind or a dream, it is tied to an event or situation in that person’s life. This term was introduced by Josef Braur and his then assistant Sigmund Freud in 1895 when they both wrote Studies on Hysteria with the theory that experiencing trauma in one’s life cannot be interrogated into the world of understanding, to which Freud soon expands further into the field thus earning the title “Father of
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In 1899, Freud published a book titled The Interpretation of Dreams and it was the first time that we ever considered dreams to have an actual reason behind them and that we should have more of a scientific approach to the matter (The Interpretation of Dreams). Freud takes the objective approach to dreaming, taking dreams and tying them into the external world. Freud distinguished manifest and latent content of dreams by determining what they are individually. Manifest is what the dreamer remembers while Latent is the underlying wish or desire the individual has (McLeod, 2013). “The process whereby the underlying wish is translated into the manifest content is called dream-work. The purpose of dream work is to transform the forbidden wish into a non-threatening form, thus reducing anxiety and allowing us to continuing sleeping. Dream work involves the process of condensation, displacement, and secondary elaboration. (McLeod, 2013)” Freud also developed the idea of id, ego, and superego and how they play a role in our personality that ties within our dreams. To Freud Id represents instinct and drives that can contain activities such as eating, sex, and breathing. Ego develops from infancy and its goal is to satisfy the demands of id in a safe way which can operate in both the conscious and unconscious mind. Superego can develop during early childhood and this ensures moral
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