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Psychological Effects Of Rape And Sexual Assault

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In the United States rape and sexual assault is a very common offense. The rate of reported complete rape or assault in the U.S. in 2004 was between 3% and 4% for men. The rate reported for women is 11% in 2007. (Turchik & Wilson). These are only the rates that were reported. The number would be much higher if every single person that was either raped or sexually assaulted reported it. The rates would also be higher for males if they weren’t too ashamed to report the rape. A lot of people don’t even believe that it’s possible for a male to get raped or sexually assaulted. In 2007 the rate of reported complete rape or sexual assault in the military was 1%-12% for men and 9.5%-33% for women. (Turchik & Wilson). The rates reported are much higher…show more content…
Victims develop a number of disorders because of their encounters with rape or sexual assault. Almost half of the women utilize Veteran Affair centers for stress disorders related to rape or sexual assault they experienced while serving. (Turchik & Wilson). There are many disorders a rape or assault victim can develop. Some of the disorders are depression, symptoms of anxiety, substance abuse, sexual dysfunctions, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Depression and symptoms of anxiety are most common, and the rates are very high for both male and female victims. (Stander & Thomson). Depression can be very dangerous because leads to other disorders like substance abuse, and often times depression can lead to suicide. Another important psychological effect rape or sexual assault can have on male victims is that they start to feel conflicted about their sexual identity. If a man is sexually aroused while being raped or sexually assaulted, they start doubting their sexual identity and start believing that they might be homosexual. Another outcome for a male victim can be the development of homophobia. The victim's anger toward their male assailant can lead to the development of hatred for gay people.( Turchik & Wilson). Rape or assault victims also have a difference in performance as an active-duty service member. Victims tend to be less attentive and always afraid of being raped or assaulted again. Also, working with their assailant might cause tension for the victims resulting in a less efficient work environment.(Stander &
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