Public Security, Human Rights And Governmental Accountability

2907 WordsOct 15, 201412 Pages
The assumption that by punishing the offender the victim receives 'justice’ is of dubious value today because of the decreasing number of successful investigations and the still smaller number of convictions in the criminal justice system. If the victim gets back his lost property he is lucky; if he is not harassed and humiliated in the investigative and trial procedures he should thank his stars. Given the sickening delay, corruption and technicalities in proof, many victims tend to keep away from reporting crimes and sometimes take recourse to private vengeance. Either way, the criminal justice system suffers in not being able to prevent crimes or to punish the guilty when crimes occur in society. The long-term implications of the situation are indeed alarming for public security, human rights and governmental accountability. Among the many reforms canvassed for improving criminal justice is one that advocates a victim-orientation to criminal justice administration. 'Victim-orientation ' includes greater respect and consideration towards victims and their rights in the investigative and prosecution processes, provision for greater choices to victims in trial and disposition of the accused, and a scheme of reparation/compensation particularly for victims of violent crimes. 2.1 JUSTICE FOR VICTIMS OF CRIME The UN General Assembly adopted the 'Declaration of Basic Principles of justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power '. Among the Basic Principles are: (i)
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