Purpose and Rationale of the Study
Coalitions and partnerships are a popular strategy for engaging stakeholders from a wide array of community sectors to address complex social and health issues (Mizarahi & Rosenthal, 2001). In public health, it is argued that coalitions are often better positioned than individuals, organizations, or sectors to influence broader systems-level change required to realize and maintain health improvements within a community (Butterfoss, 2007; Minkler & Wallerstein, 1999; Siegal, Siegal, & Bonnie, 2009). Previous studies by a group of authors have explored the successes and challenges of collaborative groups in promoting active living in their communities. For example, Litt and colleagues (2013) found that …show more content…
309). Previous studies on coalitions predominantly evaluate the impact and outcomes of community health coalitions (Berkowitz, 2001; Hays et al., 2000; Feinberg, Greenberg, & Osgood, 2004; Zakocs & Edwards, 2006), but relatively little attention has been given to the processes of coalition formation itself. To better understand the development and functioning of community coalitions, it is important to explore the coalition building processes that could be used to promote social and health change. This descriptive qualitative case study examined the dynamics of how coalition building works (or not) using participant’s perceptions of coalition formation. Descriptive case studies are useful in describing an intervention or phenomenon and the real-life context in which it occurred (Marshall & Rossman, 2006; Yin, 2009). Live Well Omaha Kids (LWOK) is a partnership that has formed to influence public policy and the built environment around the issue of healthy weight in children in Douglas County, Nebraska. The purpose of this case study was to describe coalition building of the LWOK partnership during its formation stage, specifically examining how core coalitions members perceive collaboration as a way to solve a complex health problem. A qualitative approach is needed in the study of coalition formation due to the circumstances of complexity in the nature of coalition formation and this phenomena is deeply rooted within the participants’ knowledge
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysGet Access
Historically, many interventions or processes implemented to promote and improve health care and quality were directed by professionals with a lack of input from the local populations . In recent years however, stakeholder engagement has become the core remit to guidance and many national strategies for improving healthcare systems (e.g. Department of Health) . Community stakeholder engagement is broadly defined as
Developing a health advocacy campaign entails advocating for policies and laws to protect a population. The process of creating policies and laws can involve many steps. Milstead (2013) explains four major stages of policymaking, agenda setting, legislation and regulation, implementation, and evaluation. Agenda setting is the stage at which a problem is identified and brought to the attention of government officials; legislation and regulation is the point at which government officials respond to the problem; implementation is the process of setting policies in motion and enforcing them; and evaluation is the reassessment of how well the policy is working to solve the problem (Milstead, 2013).
Since 1980, the United States has taken on 10-year plans that outline certain key national health objectives set to be accomplished during a 10-year timeframe (Shi & Singh, 2015). These initiatives are founded on medical care with prevention services, health promotion, education, community health care, and increased access to integrated services. The initiative, Healthy People 2010: Healthy People in Healthy Communities, launched in 2000. The initiative emphasizes the role of community partners such as
Health and social care organisations increasingly need to work together in partnership to get better value from the available resources and improve services and outcomes for service users, by improving quality of support for service users. Good relationships between partners, a common vision and understanding of expected achievements and what outcomes need to be delivered are critical to the success of partnerships. This will enable a more responsive service, which is well co-ordinated approach to the service delivery, and better value for money by ensuring reduced duplication of services.
The African American Health coalition is a group under the Finger Lakes Health Systems Agency, newly redesigned as the Common Ground Health. Their focus is to create a community response that would eliminate health disparities that affect African Americans within the community (Common Ground Health). The creation of a coalition is due to a need for “different sectors of the community, state or nation” to join together “to create opportunities” to benefit all parties involved (Butterfoss, 157). As well the “strategies for addressing the initial problem” are not a one time solution, but are “sustained” over a long period of time (Korfmacher, 436). The African American Health coalition has done a considerable job at not only creating opportunities
The Public Health field is constantly changing and adapting to a new environment and changes that are occurring worldwide. Many of the Leadership and Management Skill trends that are affecting Public Health are the demographic shifts that are occurring in the US population. Accountability in relation to public responsiveness, assessing emerging health risks, and changes in health services delivery and financing, as well as leadership geared towards being collective and with less stress being place on the individual, are various trends that are affecting different forms of management. Within this paper, I will be examining collective leadership and how that will affect work at the individual level. Many do not fully understand what kind of role that Public Health and more specifically Public Health agencies play in their health and everyday lives,
Social capital includes two avenues – bridging and bonding, that have the the ability to improve healthier outcomes in communities; research has shown that communities with higher levels of social capital have a higher mortality rate (Policy Link, 2002). Bonding improves the overall relationships, as lack of trust is profound in minority communities; and bridging enhances the association through culturally appropriate messaging in an effective manner (Policy Link, 2002). Social capital avenues are critical for services that provide quality healthcare access and positive outcomes (Policy Link, 2002). Partnerships are substantial to build an infrastructure that is often missing key variables and requires the involvement of multiple sectors (Policy Link, 2002). Communities through task forces are also able to challenge government authorities and industries on deteriorating environments, and correlation to debilating health (Policy Link, 2002). Community concerns often go beyond that particular region, so it is of utmost importance that attention and connections are also made outside of the community; policies – local, state, and federal often have implications on the community state of affairs (Policy Link,
The aim of the health care system is to improve patient outcomes through the delivery of medical services by influencing the conveyance of preemptive and primary healthcare services (Lathrop & Hodnicki, 2014, p. 1). Communal health is the development of health outcomes for the entire population through health promotion and disease prevention. For that reason, I believe integrating these two entities will prove to be beneficial in reducing disjointed care, cost, and eliminate inadequate care in the nation’s health care system.
The Coalition is an umbrella organization. Its members include nearly 90 of America’s largest and leading associations of health care providers; businesses and unions; consumer and patient advocacy groups; pension and health funds; religious denominations; and health plans. NHCH was formed 1990 to help achieve comprehensive health system change to improve
An effective way the nurse can utilize advocacy to increase awareness about a major issue can be accomplished by getting involved in the community board meeting to share the impacts the issue has on the community. According to NYC (2016), Community board plays an important role in providing quality of life for all the residents of New York City by utilizing a democratic approach to involve public participation, consensus building and create a positive local change. To further analyze the importance of community board meeting, this paper will identify the purpose of a community board meeting that I have attended, identify behavioral characteristics of the group leaders, describe a discussion, and analyze some alternative strategies for consensus building.
When public health nurses collaborate with individuals, the focus is on promoting awareness, behaviors, and values that maintain and improve health, with the ultimate goal being of bettering the overall health of the population. These actions are also essential when interacting with families and communities, where the aim is in promoting family and community standards, attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors that improve their overall health. So in order to have positive outcomes the public health nurses need to also consider how essential it is to work with clients as equal partners. (p Book 8). The public health nurse’s actions must enhance understanding and the need for widespread health planning in collaboration with communities and populations, focused upon the perceptions, priorities, and values of the population.
The community organization theory focus on how the social system function and how to mobilize community members and organization. The activity with the community is hosting a cookout which will provide beneficial information to become a volunteer to represent the health educators on this topic. This will include pamphlets, speakers from local police department, governor, and influential community spokesperson will elaborate their efforts
Developing community’s capacity to solve problems related to ASRH requires action at the individual, institutional and social level. While communities may not have much experience addressing ASRH-related issues prior to an external organizations’ involvement, communities can develop ASRH capacity over time. It is just as important to assess a community’s capacity to address ASRH and other health issues.
It is important to understand the process of engagement to which a community participates in community efforts and take action on health care issues. Community-based foundations respond to challenges in public health by developing upon already established attitudes and on a history of community leadership. Communities are becoming involved and are delving into intricate roles to inform and influence public health issues such as diabetes. Diabetic community-based groups help individuals become more confident in their decisions regarding their health care. Supports groups enable diabetics to maintain healthy lifestyles and be able to introduce comprehensive steps to build better futures (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2004).