Qualitative Research: Inclusionary Criteria And Screening Process

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Creswell (1998) identifies five main traditions that facilitate qualitative research: case study, ethnography, phenomenology, grounded theory, and narrative inquiry. A phenomenological tradition is appropriate when the goal is to uncover deep meaning, while providing rich description and understanding of a complex phenomenon (Moustakas, 1994). Skovholt and Ronnestad (1992) provided a framework for this research and identified the importance of viewing counselor development contextually. Reality is subjective and only understood through the lens that individuals place on personal experiences or events (Moustakas, 1994). Participants were seen as co-researchers, giving the researcher an opportunity to gain insight into shared experience of personal …show more content…

Individuals that responded were contacted and briefly screened by the researcher using inclusionary criteria (see Appendix_). In order to be eligible for research participation, individuals had to meet the following criteria (1) currently be a licensed professional counselor, (2) had a personal counseling experience that was not part of any educational, degree seeking or certification requirement, (3) completed a personal counseling experience that included at least four sessions, (4) have at least two years experience working with clients as a licensed professional counselor, (5) be willing to complete a demographic questionnaire and submit a copy of your current curriculum vita, (6) have the ability to reflect deeply on their experience of personal counseling, (7) be willing to participate in both an in-depth initial (60-90 minutes) and follow-up (30 minutes) interview and, (8) consent to the audio recording of the initial and follow-up interviews. Individuals meeting the criteria were scheduled for an initial telephone and emailed a complete description of the study that included the consent, demographic information sheet and request for a copy of their current vitae as approved by institutional review …show more content…

Participants were asked the central question of “ Describe your personal counseling experience”, with additional questions and prompts (see Appendix_) used to learn more about the participants personal counseling experience along with the personal and professional life factors that impacted counselor development. All initial interviews were transcribed after the initial interview. The transcripts were checked for accuracy against the original audiotape. Permission was received during the initial interview to provide participants with an emailed copy of the interview transcript for reflection and to review for any changes in preparation for the follow-up telephone interview. Once the initial interview transcript was sent to the participant by email, the follow-up interviews were scheduled for a minimum of 30 minutes. During the follow-up interview, participants were asked the questions (see Appendix _), to ensure accuracy of the initial transcript and to obtain clarity and collect additional information related to their personal counseling experience. All follow-up interviews were transcribed after the follow-up interview by the researcher with data analysis occurring

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