This semester, I took the class Intro to Psychology where I learned about the scientific study of thoughts and behaviors. Throughout the class, we were taught basics of psychology, researching in psychology, biology of behavior, the human development, and human learning. Intro to Psychology prepared me for my future and provided me an understanding of how behavior and thoughts worked. Four things that I learned about psychology out of the whole class, however, is how the nervous system, fetus development, teratogens, and classical conditioning all relate to psychology and how each one works.
In order for our bodies to act or to give an automatic response, our bodies need to have a nervous system where neurons can communicate with the neurons in our brains. The nervous system controls our responses which gives us the ability to have a behavior towards a stimulus. Our nervous system has two main parts, the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. The central nervous system includes the brain and spinal cord; moreover, they are responsible for receiving information and conducting a response. The peripheral nervous system includes all the other nerve cells found throughout the body; the peripheral nervous system contains the somatic nervous system and autonomic nervous system. The somatic nervous system is voluntary and transfers sensory information to the central nervous system and back to the skeletal muscles. The autonomic nervous system, on the other hand,
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The nervous system is one of the body’s complex functions that contain a network of cells and nerves that transmit signals from the brain and spinal cord to different areas of the body. It is categorized into two groups; the central nervous system which is made up of the brain and spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system which contains the body’s nervous tissue and is where neurologic responses occur. Homeostasis, which is the process in which thermoregulation is maintained, also happens in this area.
Good afternoon classmates have been excellent to share are experience and the insight of our weekly discussions this semester. I've increased my knowledge this semester on the explanatory material of understanding that everyone in the community is affected society and through open communication of understanding our social surroundings. When I first took this class, I didn't know the difference between psychology which is the study of behavior versus sociology which is the study of people. Next, I would say I learned the importance of critical thinking and following the steps to research because if you don't come up with the question first your research is doomed. Chapter 2 the Zimbardo’s Experiment: The Individual and the Social Role has stuck
In the organization of the Human Nervous System it is divided into sections such as the sensory system, which gathers and process information from the surrounding environment: motor systems which responds from environment by sending signals and information to facilitate movement behavioral responses and the associational system which is a meditator from most multifaceted and least problematic brain functions. Within these different functions of the nervous system it is divided into two components where these functions can happen the central nervous system that comprises of brain and spinal cord and peripheral nervous system that embodies nerves and ganglia.
Throughout the course of the first semester we as a Psychology class learned a whole variety of different and varying concepts of Psychology. Chapter one we went over all the different ways psychologists study behaviors and mental processes. Included were the contemporary perspectives, such as behavioral, which focuses on behavior that is observed. Psychodynamic focuses on our fantasies and our hidden motives. Humanistic is all about our free will and conscious choices. Physiological is the relationships between biological processes and behavior. Cognitive perspective is our acquired knowledge, and last but not least is sociocultural, which places great value on the role of cultural and social influences on our behavior.
The autonomic nervous system is the part of the peripheral nervous system that controls the glands and muscles of the internal organs. It typically operates on the unconscious level, automatically. Klawans explains to a man who came to him with the inability to read how the autonomic system works. The man, who had urinary issues and woke up several times in the night to use the bathroom, was awakened by his autonomic nervous system.
Our nervous system is there to help to transfer the things our body feels and what we need. The nervous is broken up into two parts, the central nervous system (CNS), and the peripheral nervous system (PNS). The CNS controls the brain and the spinal cord, the PNS controls the nerves and the ganglia (a small mass of gray matter). Our body uses the spinal cord to send messages to the nerves so that it can control our organs and muscles.
The nervous system is a multiplexed body system that controls most other body systems directly or indirectly by sending and receiving signals through a complex system of nerves. As a whole, the nervous system can be broken down into the central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral nervous system (PNS). The CNS is composed of the brain and spinal cord while the PNS is composed of peripheral nerves that branch off of the spinal cord and continue to branch to reach the most distal points of the limbs. The PNS can be further broken down into the afferent and efferent division. The afferent division deals with information brought to the CNS from the nerve receptors. Furthermore, the afferent division breaks down into somatic sensory receptors whose
Explanations of narcolepsy are in majority biological. Scientists have discovered that narcoleptics often are lacking in hypocretin which is a chemical in the brain that control sleep and wakefulness. A lack of this chemical may explain the sudden attacks of sleep.
Over the course of this class I have pieced together many things about my own life that before went unnoticed. I am now able to see things in a bit of a different light. Now that I have been introduced to the realm of psychology I understand some of the reasons for behavior around me. I have learned that there is a reason for most everything and a lot of our behaviors and mental processes can be explained through psychology. Studies have been conducted for many years to try and pinpoint the source of our behavior and it is not something that most people think about every day. Having a better understanding of why we operate the way we do will help me to better understand myself and the others around me.
There are two main divisions that comprise the nervous system: the central nervous system consisting of the brain and the spinal cord and the peripheral nervous system consisting of somatic and autonomic nervous systems (Kalat, 2013). The brain and the spinal cord make up the central nervous system and is responsible for the transmission of nervous impulses as well as receiving sensory information (Siegal, 1999). The peripheral nervous system, consisting of cranial nerves, spinal nerves, and peripheral ganglia, is responsible for transmitting information to the central nervous system as well as the rest of the body (Hubbard, 2013).
The peripheral nervous system (PNS) is connected directly to the central nervous system, and consists of neurons and nerves that send information back and forth the CNS. Furthermore, the peripheral nervous system can be divided into two sections, the sensory nervous system and the motor nervous system. The Sensory The sensory nervous system is in charge of transmitting data from a variety of internal organs or from external stimuli to the central nervous system using sensory nervous cells. On the other hand, the cells of the motor nervous system (motor neurons), take the impulse from the CNS to effectors, which include glands and muscles. In addition, the motor nervous system can be further divided into the somatic nervous system, controls voluntary actions of the skeletal muscle and external sensory organs, whilst the autonomic nervous system operates
This semester has been filled with informative information when speaking about our own social skill, but also other people’s social psychology as well, thus is why it will be very useful in future. Throughout the semester we studied everything from the introduction of social psychology, social influences, aggression in psychology, and interpersonal attraction and close relationships. A lot of the knowledge that I gained was not only from the “Social Psychology” textbook, but also in the videos and the reactions that we needed to come up with on a weekly basis. I like the idea of being able to watch the video to see if the experiment was successful or unsuccessful and commenting on it by giving my opinion if I agreed or not. For me,
In this fast paced world we live in it is often hard to find the time to ask ourselves, “Who am I?” To even begin to scratch the surface of this question one must first understand the brain and how experiences shape who we are. These events can either be tragic, uplifting, or redefining. Psychology states that these experiences can affect the outcome of a person's personality (Wood, et. al., 2014). Personality is a multifaceted array of idiosyncrasies that help us understand a person’s behaviors, identity, and characteristics. Inside my mind is a vault filled with nineteen years worth of memories and learned behaviors that have impacted me in some way. In order to gain a better understanding of who I am I must delve deep into my mind and analyze the core components of my personality.
Is how aggressive an individual is determined only by his or her genes? Whether psychological and behavioral traits are purely determined by genetics, solely influenced by socialization, or a combination of both has been a highly debated topic within the field of psychology known as the “nature-nurture issue.” Today, although still disputed, a good number of psychologists and other scientists concur that genetics and the environment mutually influence and intermingle with one another (Myers, 2015). We can partially credit this fizzling-out of the nature-nurture debate to the discoveries made in twin studies. Twin studies are used to help delineate the genetic components of behavior and the socially and culturally influenced components (Myers, 2015). This type of study enables researchers to examine the extent to which genetics and environment have an effect on the development of traits and behavior. For example, in lecture, we learned that a common and natural experiment used in twin studies is to examine a set of twins who grew up in the same household and a set twins who grew up in separate households (K.W. Brown, personal communication, August 29, 2017).