REFLECTION JOURNAL 1
ASSUMPTIONS ON BLOOM’S AND LEARNING
AMERICAN COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
ANN MOWERY, Ed.D.
OCTOBER 9, 217
“What any person in the world can learn almost all persons can learn if provided with appropriate prior and current conditions of learning” (Bloom, 2017). This belief was held by Dr. Bloom in 1956 when he and his team created Bloom’s Taxonomy. Since then educators have been utilizing these “goals of the learning process” (Clark, 2015) and making assumptions of its usage and implications. I too did have assumptions but have not thought about how I developed them or how they would affect my use of the taxonomy. When starting this reflection I held three assumptions true about Bloom’s Taxonomy. The first is if the educator uses Bloom’s Taxonomy for planning through assessment, then the student will develop higher order thinking skills. Secondly, a student can move on to a higher order thinking level only if they first mastered a lower order thinking level. Thirdly, if educations use different levels of Bloom’s Taxonomy in lessons students will retain more information. Interestingly, I uncovered two additional assumptions that I did not know I had. The first of which is that the focus on cognitive development of Bloom’s devalues importance of other domains. The other is that Bloom’s Taxonomy is used only by educators in K-12 and college. Here are some things I understand about this subject that informed or changed
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While I am reading this book aloud, I will ask critical thinking questions, using the upper and lower end of Bloom’s Taxonomy. Some of the questions that I will ask are the following:
Bloom’s taxonomy starts with the bottom of the pyramid: Knowledge, Comprehension, Application, Analysis, Synthesis, and Evaluation. Bloom’s level of thinking and how can it help you? Anticipate what kind of questions might be asked on a test and their level of difficulty as well analyze your mistakes so that you know what level of thinking was required and are able to determine why you missed a question. Some of those words I remember from high school during science class and some I have learned in graphic design class. The most used one in every class I have been in we evaluated other classmates work as well as our own, which is nice cause you have a more expanded thought process after getting other classmates input, which helps to improve
Bloom’s Taxonomy, a classification of the main levels of learning, has six stages; the stages ranging from knowledge to evaluation. As one can infer, the two stages have many differences, being on opposite sides of the chart and the terms having completely different meanings. Knowledge, being the most basic of the learning stages, is made up of mostly previously learned information which we can easily bring up in our minds. We remember things such as dates, times, words, etc. and can recall them with ease for we have them memorized. Although it is considered the lowest level of learning, knowledge is a key in getting to the highest level of learning, evaluation.
Bloom’s Taxonomy is a classification of learning objectives in education that was developed by a committee of educators in the late 1940s to early 1950s. It shows us that lower level knowledge must be mastered
a. The course content I would use this strategy for would be in Social Studies. However, this concept could be applied to any area that would be taught in the eighth grade.
A non-standardized curriculum allows students to focus on higher level thinking skills. Students are encouraged to learn from each other. Students are encouraged to challenge each other. Teacher’s use Bloom’s Taxonomy to have student think deeper into concepts. Instead of students learning ten concepts over the course of a year, students learn six that are more in depth. Students use a variety of alternative assessments to show their depth of knowledge. A student can choose how to display their knowledge. Students may give a presentation, create a 3-D model, design a PowerPoint, or write a story or a variety of other ways to present their ideas.
Benjamin Bloom developed Bloom’s Taxonomy in 1956. It identifies three domains: cognitive, affective, and psychomotor, used to evaluate knowledge assimilated by the learner. Each domain has hierarchical categories that progressively measure the level of understanding achieved. This paper reviews each domain and list the categories found within, discuss how Bloom’s taxonomy apply to the case study presented by Larkin and Burton’s article ‘Evaluating a Case Study Using Blooms Taxonomy of Education’, and highlight the benefit of Bloom’s taxonomy as it relates to developing individualized nursing instructions.
Personally, I think higher-level thinking is going to happen in the classroom whether we as the teachers set this up or not. For example, if a child entered the dramatic play center and dressed up as a doctor, they may just do a quick check on their patients like they’ve seen their pediatricians conduct on them. This child may act on his or her own higher-level thinking by pretending to measure teaspoons of liquids to give to their patients and write prescription refills. This would be the child performing higher-level thinking on their own. Now, for higher-level thinking by teacher modeling, I feel that this method of thinking must be guided and practiced for the children to conduct it. This mostly occurs throughout
Bloom’s taxonomy consists of 6 levels of thinking ranging from the lowest to the highest levels of thinking. The first 3 levels of thinking (remembering, understanding, and applying) involve lower level of thinking skills. The last 3 levels involve higher level thinking skills (analyzing, evaluating, and creating). To strengthen your critical thinking skills, you must master the lower level thinking tasks prior to moving onto higher level thinking tasks. To deepen your understanding and become a critical thinker, you can complete the tasks and the question stems associated with each level of thinking.
Evaluation is listed as Bloom’s Taxonomy’s highest level of learning. I was six years old the first time I was forced to re-evaluate something. It was the result of challenging something my teacher had said in class. I always liked to participate in class, but this was something different. I disagreed with something the teacher said.
The history of standards-based reform goes back to the educational philosophies of Benjamin Bloom, through his 1956 work "Taxonomy of Educational Objectives." In his work, Bloom discusses the importance of requiring students to develop "higher-order thinking skills," which was a movement away from rote memorized learning. The philosophies of Bloom were a driving force in the first uprising of standards-based reform, then called "Outcome Based Reform" ( OBE). Critics of OBE were dismayed by the non-definitive word "outcome," and it was soon changed to the current term, "Standards-Based Reform."
Bloom’s taxonomy can be used in the field of psychology to solve problems. Psychology focuses on the study of the mind and human behavior, using the taxonomy will serve as a tool for understanding cognition and thinking process. As a practitioner a common goal is to help others solve problems. The taxonomy will help me as a practitioner to analyze the problem with a client or student. The use of the taxonomy will help to promote new ideas and approaches through evaluation before making final decisions when helping clients. The taxonomy can help identify the needs of the client, ways to help the client, and what methods have and has not worked for the client as a practitioner in psychology. As a graduate learner in psychology, the taxonomy
As mentioned in Lane, Gardner said that these differences challenge an educational system that assumes that everyone can learn the same materials in the same way and that a uniform, universal measure suffices to test student learning. Indeed, as currently constituted, our educational system is heavily biased toward linguistic modes of instruction and assessment and, to a somewhat lesser degree, toward logical-quantitative modes as
The OW of Bloom’s taxonomy suggested that critical thinking and higher order skills are essential to student development. Essentially, the OW was designed to provide teachers with a
Lesson plans are designed to engage students in the higher levels of Blooms taxonomy while test questions are written based off of the different levels. Students are no longer asked to regurgitate facts but apply them to new scenarios. For this class, an example would be instead of asking us the facts of the Great Depression, our questions will focus more on what affects did the Depression have on society at the time or even asking us to predict how society would be today had the Great Depression not occurred. These latter questions require a lot higher level thinking. As a student I would still have to know the basic facts to answer the question but a successful answer would show that I not only knew the facts but I knew how they fit together in the bigger picture. It would also force me to develop new, sound ideas based off of these facts. In essence, Bloom’s taxonomy will help show a mastery of the content rather than