How to go Along to get Along in Prison.
Prison life Nobody ever really wants to go to prison. Within the prison walls there is a certain subculture involving norms, values, language, codes, and other miscellaneous items that the inmates learn or use in order to survive prison (state or private for profit prisons). One of the goals for prison is to protect the public while punishing the criminal by incarceration and then hopefully rehabilitate them at the end of their sentence to become productive citizens in the free world.
Prison Subculture The words “prison subculture” describe the language, norms, beliefs, attitudes, values and lifestyles of the inmates within a certain prison (Prisons: 2015). Research shows that many prison subcultures in the United States are remarkably comparable to each other. It is believed that the subculture developed in order for inmates to cope with being locked up for years at a time. When an inmate enters a new prison or even their first prison it is not the guards that they have to worry about, it is the other inmates. This is where the word “prisonization” comes in meaning that the inmate will learn the subculture of the prison that they are in (Prison: 2015). Within hours/days of arriving at their new cell the new inmates might be taken in by prison “families” depending on the intake procedures for the prison. For some inmates this is a comfort to know they won’t be alone and they have someone to watch their back. These
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Prisons consist of social structures just as general society does. There is the upper class, which consists of the rich and powerful. The rich can pay off guards and other prisoners who may cause problems for them, and gang leaders whose reputation scares other inmates extremely that they are not challenged nor denied requests. “…and if everybody knows that gangs control the fate of all inmates, then criminals will be afraid to cross gang members there” (Wood). Gangs can control whether you live or die in a prison. Being a leader of a gang will put you at the top, being in the middle consists of being part of a gang or associates of a gang. The very bottom or the lowest consists of new inmates (who have not had time to move up yet or exploit
Whenever you imagine prison, you think up ideas and violent images that you have seen in the movies or on TV. Outdated clichés consisting of men eating stale bread and drinking dirty water are only a small fraction of the number of horrible, yet “just” occurrences which are stereotypical of everyday life in prison. Perhaps it could be a combination of your upbringing, horrific ideas about the punishment which our nation inflicts on those who violate its’ more serious laws that keeps people frightened just enough to lead a law-abiding life. Despite it’s success in keeping dangerous offenders off the streets, the American prison system fails in fulfilling its original design of restoring criminals to being productive members of society, it is also extremely expensive and wastes our precious tax dollars.
Prison culture or the “values, norms and attitudes that inmates form in terms of institutional survival” (Bartollas, 2013), can be described in one of three models. The Deprivation Model describes the inmate’s behavior as the product of the environment, more specifically the attempt to adapt to that which he is deprived of as a result of incarceration (Bartollas, 2013). An example of such would be the pseudo family unit or physical relationships that inmates form as a result of the absence of such relationships while incarcerated.
Law enforcement officers are authorized by federal, state, and local lawmakers to arrest and confine persons suspected of crimes. The judicial system is authorized to confine persons convicted of crimes. This confinement, whether before or after a criminal conviction, is called incarceration.
“In a 2006 Special Report, the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) estimated that 705,600 mentally ill adults were incarcerated in state prisons, 78,800 in federal prisons and 479,900 in local jails. Growing numbers of mentally ill offenders have strained correctional systems” (NIC, n.d.). Often times it is wondered why mentally ill offenders are imprisonment time are lengthier than other offenders? Could it be that it may be hard to comprehend and abide by prison and jail rules, or are there not enough facilities to aide their need? Moreover, pretrial offenders with severe mental illness encounter longer imprisonment time than other prisoners in many states, and they would require a mental evaluation assessment to stand trial. “The prevalence of mental illness among offender populations indicates a substantial need for mental health treatment. Today, the largest US jails and prisons hold more people with mental illnesses and co-occurring substance use disorders than many inpatient psychiatric facilities” (Kim, Becker-Cohen & Serakos, 2015).
Inmate culture is a concern to prison facility because of the impact it can burden upon the prison. The prison code, norm, values, and prison argot are part of their cultures. When an inmate enters into the correctional facility they will adopt a prison lifestyle. Therefore, when they are release many will do the" U-shape curve effective" according to Staton Wheeler. For instance, some inmates, that live a violent lifestyle will congregate with others with the same characteristics (Schmalleger & Smykia, 2016). In my opinion, a drug dealer or gang member will gain a position of importance in the prison setting it gives them a sense of power from other inmates. Donald Clemmer believes that inmates belief, value, and behaviors grow antisocial
To be able to discuss the issue of the inmate sub-cultures in prison I will first have to discuss what subcultures are and major reasons that they form. First of all the term subculture in general is kind of like a small culture within and not always accepted by members of a larger one known as a society. Societies as a whole are very large and contain many individuals within them, and let us face it it is human nature to group together or congregate with individuals that have similar interests. This causes the whole to split off into smaller groups and this process is how subcultures form; however, if you eliminate certain elements
The idea of prison has been around for thousands of years and seems to be an integrated part of the human concept. We remove the people that disrupt society and we put them away or get rid of them. We, as a modern culture,
In considering the jails, as well as state and federal prisons, and in modern America, one must understand the historical contexts in which the three institutions were conceptualized and put into practice. Then a discussion of the reasons behind the drastic recent growth off these three ancient institutions must be had. Finally, a review of the security classifications which enable these facilities to carry out the business of incarceration and rehabilitation in a secure and safe manner should be conducted to round out our consideration of these ancient institutions. The role of jails and prisons is a complicated one, made more
The re-integrations into a social network, an employment setting or the individual’s home life may comprise an incarcerated parent’s ability to resume his or her role with their family and children. To be able to function in a society they left behind 20 years ago may be close to impossible for some inmates. The range of effect includes disabling effects of institutionalization, the persistent effected of untreated mental illnesses, the long term component of developmental disabilities that were improperly addressed, or the consequences of a solitary confinement of prisoners who are released directly from long-term isolation into a free world society (Haney, 2001). Parents especially who return from long periods of incarceration where their main source of normal behavior was derived from the institution and routines, cannot be expected to successfully reintegrate back into their families lives or exercise the decision-making role that parents require. Inmates who suffered the negative effects of distrusting and hypervigilant adaption to prison will find it difficult to promote trust within their everyday life.
Prison life can be harsh, and time spent in a isolation is even worse. A majority of those in prison spend countless hours in idleness. It would be much better if they used that time to reeducate themselves for a productive life on the outside. Some of the prisoners have serious emotional and mental problems that are never addressed and it is illogical to not attempt to correct these problems before they are released.
Prison culture is the values, norms, and attitudes that inmates form in terms of institutional survival. There are two base models of prison culture, deprivation model and importation model. Deprivation model is the behavior product of the environment and decrsibes the prisoner’s attempt to adapt to the deprivations imposed by incarceration. Importation is the ideals and traditional values imported by the outside world that a prisoner brings with them as they enter into the prison system (Siegel & Bartolla, 2011).
When the average person thinks of jails and prisons, they typically think of horrible criminals being locked up in order to protect the rest of society. They think justice has been served, and those who did the crime are now doing the time. But what goes on inside a prison, and inside the minds of the inmates? What about after those offenders have served their time, and are now being released back into the general public? People don’t really think about how prison affects a person’s mentality, or how incarceration impacts both relationships the inmate currently has, or ones that will develop in the future. Although it isn’t something most people think of first, incarceration is an experience that can have a negative psychological impact on a person for quite some time.
So again I must say that prison is much better than regular life. You have free food, free healthcare, free gym membership, and a free safe haven from outside threats. While in the outside world you need to pay incredible sums of money to eat, to workout, to be safe, and to be given free health care. So why shouldn’t a person go to prison willingly and even
On the 17th of June 2016, the prison population of the England and wales was 84,405 and since the 1990s it has risen by an overwhelming 92%! But why? Prisoners often pass golden opportunities to escape because they would actually rather be locked up than on the outside. This then gives us the question is the UK justice system too lenient?