Resolving Senkaku / Diaoyudao Islet Disputes: Graph Model for Conflict Resolution (GMCR) Analysis

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Confrontation Analysis 1
Vicka Kharisma-29012019
Resolving Senkaku / Diaoyudao Islet Disputes: Graph Model for Conflict Resolution (GMCR) Analysis
Vicka Kharisma1, Pri Hermawan2, Khrisna3
Institute of Technology Bandung, School of Business and Management, Bandung, Indonesia
This paper illustrates the territorial dispute over the Diaoyu / Senkaku islet between Japan , People of China (POC - China). The dispute over the islet is also linked to other important factors, one of them is the rights to exploitation of natural resources. In this study, the conflict is by using GMCR (Graph Model for Conflict Resolution). The GMCR model (Graph Model for Conflict Resolution) is used to systematically describe the process of changes in
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Japan claims that it has had sovereignty over the Senkaku Islands since their formal annexation in 1895. According to Japan, at that time the islands were uninhabited and terra nullius, meaning that they belonged to no state (Soons & Schrijver, 2012) However, according to China, the isletat that time already belonged to China. The real interest in the islands lies in the potential economic value of oil and gas exploitation as well as the fisheries of the surrounding sea areas that could be financially beneficial for either country. The ability for deepwater drilling for the offshore oil and gas makes the Senkaku Islands something to continue to argue and fight over for control. Before the discovery of oil and gas deposits in the area of the islands all the parties had a rather inert attitude towards the Diaoyu / Senkaku Islands. Today though, there is no denial that the Diaoyu / Senkaku conflict is related to the presence oil.
Commonly, a territorial disputes is bilateral conflict between two countries, but in this case they play an important role in trilateral relations among the United States, Japan, and China. The United States is an important actor in Japan - China sovereignty disputes, especially the confict over the Senkaku / Diaoyudao Islet, because before World War II
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