Risks Of Prenatal Development

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Several risks to prenatal development exist. The risk include maternal malnutrition, spina bifida, teratogens, infectious diseases, smoking, alcohol, and drugs to name a few. Maternal malnutrition places the baby at risk for low birth weight and premature birth. Maternal malnutrition can be mitigated by obtaining nutrition counseling and prenatal care. A common nutrition service is Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). Spina bifida is a causes neural tube defects and the risk can be reduced by consuming folic acid prior to pregnancy and during. Teratogens are various agents and factors that create malformation of an embryo. The effects of teratogens can be reduced by not taking medications that can cause harm to an embryo, limiting x-ray

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