Rizal Without the Overcoat

3247 Words Aug 14th, 2012 13 Pages
RIZAL WITHOUT THE OVERCOAT

For Was Rizal an American-sponsored hero? 1. What are the bases for the idea that Rizal was an American-sponsored/created hero?
The idea was that Rizal was against the revolution, and he became the national hero only because of the Americans who sponsored and encouraged his cult. Americans chose Rizal as the foremost national hero because he was non-violent and reformist, unlike Bonifacio and Aguinaldo. Americans also had overemphasized Rizal and regarded other heroes like Bonifacio and Mabini as second-class heroes.

2. What are the proofs that he isn’t?
Rizal was not an American-sponsored hero. Even before his death, many people of his time have looked up to him as a hero long before the Americans
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How he is viewed can help define the course of our history.

For Rizal’s third novel 1. What are some of the claims made about the existence of a third Rizal novel? How did the author come to the conclusion that it is his discovery, the Makamisa, that is the third Rizal novel and not the ones that other researchers have discovered?
Rizal has a reason for writing a third novel because Marcelo del Pilar said he was not impressed with the Fili. In Hong Kong, in 1892, Jose Rizal began writing a sequel to El Filibusterismo. He began in Tagalog, called the opening chapter “Makamisa”, then started anew in Spanish, and eventually left behind two texts comprising an unfinished third novel.
However, no one considered Makamisa as could be the beginning of Rizal’s third novel simply because no one has seen the Spanish continuation of the work. Being a historian, Ambeth Ocampo went to the National Library and dug on the letters and manuscripts written by Rizal. Ocampo found a manuscript, written in Spanish, that looked like the draft of Rizal’s first novel, Noli Me Tangere. He began translating the manuscript to English but after several pages he had not encountered any names of the characters in Noli like Ibarra or Padre Damaso. It was then he realized that the manuscript was the unfinished third novel by Jose Rizal entitled Makamisa (After the Mass). With Makamisa, Ocampo disproved the previous thinking that the third novel of Rizal was entitled “Tagalog Nobility.” Rizal's

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