Role Of The Church In Medieval Europe

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During the majority of Medieval Europe’s history from 500-1300, politics, economics, and many social features of their new civilization were mostly centered around the church. The church was responsible for alliances within Europe, assisting in expanding empires in exchange for protection and support. The roles in societies usually followed a natural order of ruler versus everyone else, whether it be a Lord as the leader or the later emergence of feudalism. The dominant role of the church also helped socially, allowing monks especially to take on useful roles for the rest of society. The church played many vital roles in developing Medieval Europe. Many kings went through the church in order to create an alliance. These alliances started with Gregory I in western Europe. He managed to encourage many Germanic kings to convert to Christianity, and in return provided them with the good sanction of the church. By providing this mutualistic relationship, “Gregory was responsible for making the Roman papacy a significant power in the West” (Sivers, Desnoyers, and Stow 311). This was a spark that created a flame, causing many Medieval rulers to realize that the key to success is having the church behind them in full support. The first Frankish dynasty was created by Clovis, who adopted Christianity in order to receive the support of Christian bishops in Gaul. Later, in the eighth century, the Carolingians took over all of the Frankish lands. Charles Martel, otherwise known as
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