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Shiloh Essay

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Shiloh After Shiloh the South would never smile again. Known originally as the Battle of Pittsburg Landing, The Battle of Shiloh was the bloodiest battle fought in North America up to that time. Pittsburg Landing was an area from where the Yankees planned to attack the Confederates who had moved from Fort Donelson to Corinth, Mississippi. The North was commanded by General Ulysses S. Grant and the South by General Albert Sydney Johnston.

The Union army was taken by surprise the first day when the Confederate Army unexpectedly attacked, but after Union reinforcements arrived the fighting virtually ended in a tie. Lasting for two days, April 6 and 7 of 1862, casualties for both sides exceeded 20,000. The Battle of Shiloh was a
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Prentiss fought, as he states, until "half-past five P.M., when finding that further resistance must result in the slaughter of every man in the command, I (2)had to yeild the fight. The enemy succeeded in capturing myself and two thousand two hundred rank and file, many of them being wounded" (The Rebellion Record, 1865 p 258).

Prentiss was captured along with 2200 Union troops. In an interview with General Beauregard after being captured, General Prentiss stated concerning the Union Army at Pittsburg "I am afraid that all of our men will be taken" (New Orleans, Times-Picayune, 1862). When a bystander asked him about General Buell he stated "Buell is not coming here, and if any forces are on the way they must be very small. I know nothing of them" (New Orleans, Times-Picayune, 1862).

Both sides had suffered devastating losses and injuries. That evening soldiers from both armies wash their wounds in a small lake. The pond took on a red tint from the troops blood loss. From then on, it was known as Bloody Pond.

The South suffered a terrible loss at 2:30 in the afternoon of April 6, 1862. General Albert Sydney Johnston bled to death from a bullet wound to his leg. Beauregard sent a telegram to Jefferson Davis stating "Loss on both sides heavy including our Commander in Chief, General A.S. Johnston (3)who fell gallantly leading his troops into the thickest of the fight" (The
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