Animal testing is the cause of many controversial arguments. Is it ethical? Is it truely the best option? The answer to both of these questions is no. Animal testing is both cruel and unreliable. There are many alternatives to animal testing that would be safer for humans and animals alike. Although it cannot be completely eliminated at this point of time, steps need to be taken to minimize animal experimentation as much as possible. Although there have been some benefits to animal testing, the painful experimentations that these animals go through must come to an end. It is estimated that twenty million animals are experimented on each year (Andre, Claire, and Manuel Velasquez). Roughly eight million of these experiments are very painful to the animals being tested on (Andre, Claire, and Manuel Velasquez). This being said, ten percent of these animals do not receive any type of pain medication (Andre, Claire, and Manuel Velasquez). How could one sit back and watch these animals suffer?
The Animal Welfare Act was created to not only to determine what can be done to the animals, but also to regulate the trading and care of the animals being tested on ("TRANSPORTATION, SALE, AND HANDLING OF CERTAIN ANIMALS."). The Animal Welfare Act also ensures that anyone …show more content…
Not all animals are covered under the Animal Welfare Act ("Explanation of the Federal Animal Welfare Act."). Rats, mice, and birds are completely excluded from the protections that it offers ("Explanation of the Federal Animal Welfare Act."). They are still protected by the National Institutes of Health ("Rats, Mice and Birds Excluded from Animal Welfare Act."). The problem with the National Institutes of Health is that it has no legal force backing up the protections of these animals ("Rats, Mice and Birds Excluded from Animal Welfare Act."). Therefore, these are the animals that need to be focused on the
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysGet Access
With this won lawsuit, the USDA is required to expand Animal Welfare Acts to not only include chimpanzees, cats and guinea pigs, but to also include rats, mice, and birds.
If the argument is that animals are being used for testing medicines because they are similar to human beings, shouldn’t the logic follow that because they are so similar to human beings and in need, we should care for them as well. Although, this is generally not the case. Researchers justify their experiments using the Animal Welfare Act or AWA saying that because of this act there are laws in place to stop the mistreatment of animals. Unfortunately, for some animals used in experimentation such as rats, mice, fish, and birds which make up roughly ninety-five percent of all animals used, they are not protected under this act. According to the Animal Welfare Act in 2016 they covered 820,812 animals (APHIS), which means there were about twenty-five million animals that were not covered by the AWA. Because of this lack of coverage, these animals are more likely to be abused and mistreated since they lack basic protection. Due to the new guidelines in the UK researchers like Thomas Genarelli won’t be able to continue their abuse.
Like humans, animals have rights too. Back in the old days, animals didn’t have any rights because some people thought they had no feelings of pain. Scientist used them in experiments because of this theory. It came to the point where animals, especially cats and dogs, who were homeless, unwanted, and even sheltered were sent to research institutes (Monamy 29). Monkeys also started getting attention from scientists. Many animals used for these experiments were being mistreated. Many humane groups were furious and started taking action. The Laboratory Animal Welfare Act was enacted in 1966 due to two
There are multiple regulations that cover the ethics of animal testing. The federal agencies that can regulate biomedical research are the Public Health Service (PHS) and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), they implement federal regulations through the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC). The PHS base their policy animal subject use on The Health Research Extension Act of 1985. The policy covers living vertebrate animals for PHS supported research, training, or biological testing. (Main agencies included in PHS are the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Food and Drug Administration (FDA), also Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) contains several others as well). The Animal Welfare Act (AWA)
Although, the Animal Welfare Act has not succeeded in preventing horrific cases of animal abuse in research laboratories. The animal welfare law is the only Federal law in the United States that regulates the treatment of animals in research, exhibition, transport, and by dealers. An article from ProCon.org states, “The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) found 338 possible violations of the Animal Welfare Act at the federally funded New Iberia Research Center (NIRC) in Louisiana.” Testing medical treatments on animals puts the animals in danger for results that are not
In 1877, the American Human Society was founded in order to improve the lives of human beings, but it expanded to include advocating for humane treatment of animals (Yount 42). Animal rights movement gained momentum during the 1960s, when a widespread mistreatment of animals in labs was uncovered (Yount 47). In response to wide public discontent, Congress passed the first animal welfare law – the Laboratory Animal Welfare Act in 1966 (Yount 42). The act itself did little to help the animals that were being mistreated in labs, but it did establish a frontier for the animal rights movement. The act had little practical applications, because it did not cover rats, mice, and birds, which
The Animal Welfare Act (AWA) is the only federal law that gives protection to warm -blooded animals in research laboratories. Under this law, it is the researchers’ job to make sure that they provide these animals pain relievers, provide them with the best veterinary care, housing, and food. This law only protects ten percent of the lab animals. The rest of the ninety percent of animals in labs aren’t protected: rats, mice and birds. This means legally the researchers do not have to provide these unprotected lab animals with decent care at all. Researchers can choose to treat these unprotected animals however they want and with as many rats, mice and birds as they please. Knowing how unfair the Welfare Act is towards the many lab animals it should be protecting, the voters should inform and show concern to their legislators in order to stop the mistreatment of these animals. The Animal Welfare Act should protect all animals being tested in research laboratories.
Every year, more than 100 million animals are poisoned, crippled, burned, or abused in United States labs alone. The Animal Welfare Act, or AWA, was passed in 1966 and is the only federal law in the U.S. today that regulates animal treatment in research. That being said, the AWA is not heavily enforced. Additional, the regulations it includes are extremely minimal and do not protect any type of reptiles, amphibians, rats, mice, or birds, meaning that more than ninety percent of the animals being tested on are still submitted to painful and torturous tests. These tests often result in a lifetime of pain and damage because after the tests, the animals are placed back in their cages without any medical treatment and are often used in further
The opinion of animals in the eyes of the law still compares them to objects: having them seen only as property and not living beings. A law towards better treatment has been passed, however, it has not been enforced. The implemented law is also full of loopholes that scientists have taken advantage over. Ever since that law, the Animal Welfare Act, was passed, even the definition of an animal has come into question. Additionally, a bias has been created in that there is more of a moral concern towards animals like dogs, cats, and primates rather than fish, mice, and rats, however, there are people advocating for the protection of animals not as popularly loved. Animal testing in the United States should be limited to having
The Animal Welfare Act is the only U.S. federal law that covers animals used in research (NEAVS n.d.). The act only protects some of the animals used in research (NEAVS n.d.). The AWA doesn’t cover the animals that make up 90% of the animals used in research, including; rats, mice and birds (NEAVS n.d.). It also doesn’t cover cold-blooded animals like, fish, reptiles, and ambitions (NEAVS n.d.). The AWA sets low standards for the environment and housing these animals live in, when they are fed and what they are fed and what kind of care they receive from a vet (NEAVS n.d.). It is unknown how many animals are actually being tested on in the U.S. since the most common animals are not covered by the act, but a guess from NEAVS is over 100 million
Everyone has probably worn or has owned something animal tested, whether they’ve known it or not. Animal testing has been around since the early ADs but was most commonly known for starting about 150 years ago with the rise of physiology as a science. As “Companies That Still Use Animal Testing” says, these testings have gone down a lot with new developments for these kind of testing but there are still many major companies such as L’oreal, Clorox, Covergirl, MAC, Pantene, Dove, Avon and hundreds of other companies you’ve probably used. These companies torture these animals and even kill them with their products just so there is yet another
In the United States, we produce billions of cleaning and beauty products on a daily basis thanks to the advancement of machinery. Although we have machines and workers, these products need to be tested in order to be available to purchase in stores. Instead of using machines to test these products, most companies enforce testing their products on animals to ensure they are safe for humans. To some this not seem like a controversial topic, but for many this is a heartbreaking issue that is cruel to the lives of our animals. Animal testing is not ethical because it not only harms the lives of millions of animals, but also isn’t an accurate way to ensure the safety of our products.
Before releasing a drug, many studies and tests must be done to legalize it. One question that many people have is; how do you know if this drug will work? Well we test these drugs on animals, such as monkeys which have similar tissue to humans. This is one example of animal cruelty. Some other questions people ask are; what is our system for testing these drugs, and how could we change it?
Unfortunately, there are no better alternatives to animal testing and experimentation. And animal testing has proven itself to be both practical and a reasonably accurate means of testing. So in conclusion, animal testing highlights the fine line between ethics and practical need, and thus becomes very subjective to each person. When doing Animal research it is important to always keep in mind that animals deserve as much respect as a human would, will being tested. Many medicines would not have been found without them being tested on animals.