preview

Slavery During The United States

Decent Essays
Slavery’s Development in the U.S. Between 18th Century and 19th Century
AFAS-222 Research Paper First Draft
Ge Wang
10/26/15
As I know, slavery in the U.S. was the legal establishment of human chattel slavery that existed in the 18th century and 19th century right after U.S. became independent and before the termination of the Civil War between the North and the South. Slavery was first adapted in British America from the early colonial days, by 1776--the Declaration of Independence it was recognized in thirteen colonies. When President Lincoln won the 1860’s election, he claimed there would be no new slave states, the South finally broke away to form the confederacy. This marked the start of the Civil War, which caused a huge
…show more content…
By 1810, 75 percent of all African Americans in the North were free. By 1840, virtually all African Americans in the North were free.2

Slavery’s development was closely related to the need of economy development. Eli Whitney 's invention of the cotton gin in 1793, made processing of short-staple cotton profitable, and it was cultivated throughout the South to satisfy US and international demand. Statistical data shows that while less than 10% of the inhabitants of the North were slaves, by 1790, Virginia had 44% of the total slave population. Slavery in the antebellum US was the use of Negro labor in bondage. It was common in agriculture, with a more massive presence in the South – region where climate was more propitious for agricultural activity. Some economists and historians regard slavery as a profitable system. They do not fully account for the government costs necessary to maintain the institution, nor for human suffering. At the same time, slaves were mostly supplied from within the United States and thus language was not a barrier and the cost of transporting slaves from one state to another was relatively low. In the decades preceding the Civil War, the United States experienced a rapid natural increase of black
Get Access