Social Deviance Theory, And Social Control Theory

1941 Words Apr 14th, 2015 8 Pages
“Let us then suppose the mind to be, as we say, white paper, void of all characters without any ideas; how comes is it to be furnished?...To this I answer, in one word, from experience” (Locke). Although there are several cases where delinquents are mentally ill through biological means rather than events that occurred in their lives, I do agree with Locke 's theory to an extent. In that most people are born with a blank slate, they are neither good nor bad, it is that we encounter in our lives that shape us into the person we become. Therefore, in my opinion the best theories so far that explains juvenile delinquency is a combination of several aspects from cultural deviance theory, strain theory, and social control theory. Cultural Deviance Theory argues that delinquency occurs naturally due to the conditions that certain neighborhoods are under. The three people who have greatly impacted this theory are Clifford Shaw, Henry McKay, and Edwin Sutherland. Shaw and McKay were the first to pen cultural deviance when studying Chicago 's inner city transformation from the 1900s to early thirties. They discovered that crime rates continued to remain the same in particular neighborhoods, even when the ethnicity of the area changes. Thus, social disorganization and high delinquency in these areas are connected to using crime as a normal reaction to the structural, social, and cultural characteristics of a community rather than individual residents. Shaw and McKay further explain…
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