Socioeconomic Factors That Influence Obesity

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Integrative Review The number of obese and overweight individuals throughout the world is rapidly growing. There are many factors that come into play when thinking why obesity has become such an epidemic lately. There is has been little research done in recent years about what factors are directly linked to one becoming obese. The purpose of this integrative review is to investigate recent literature on the socioeconomic factors that influence obesity in a community. This review will explain the research strategy utilized in obtaining articles that were relevant in looking at socioeconomic factors that influence obesity such as income, eduction level, resources available, and environment. The research process began on EBSCOhost. Some …show more content…

The purpose of this study was to look at prevous studies and see the association of SES and eating patterns in low or middle income countries (MIC). The study consisted of 33 articles, of those 33, 17 were conducted in low or midle income countries, four included elderly, seven included women, and one included men. The majority of the studies were done between the year 2001 and 2010. Of the 33 studies, nine used more than one SES indicator. The systematic review reveled that this was the first systematic review to look at this area of intrest closly. They reveled that socioeconomic factors and geograpgical location have a large impact on ones dietary patterns, intake and quanuty of food consumed. Individuals living in a low income country with a high SES consumed a healther diet. With that being said, individuals living in MIC with a high SES were liked to unhealthy diet patterns. One very positive attribute is that this study produced a level one in terms of research evidence (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2011). Despite the many limitations in this study such as there being no data on low income countries in terms of nutrients, it still provided good data from previous studes which allowed one to see exactly how much research has been done on this

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