Soft Power

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Soft Power Author(s): Joseph S. Nye, Jr. Source: Foreign Policy, No. 80, Twentieth Anniversary, (Autumn, 1990), pp. 153-171 Published by: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1148580 Accessed: 12/08/2008 12:33 Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use, available at http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp. JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unless you have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, non-commercial use. Please contact the publisher regarding any…show more content…
154. Nye What can we say about changes in the distribution of power resources in the coming decades? Political leaders often use the term "multipolarity"to imply the return to a balance among a number of states with roughly equal power resources analogous to that of the nineteenth century. But this is not likely to be the situation at the turn of the century, for in terms of power resources, all the potential challengers except the United States are deficient in some respect. The Soviet Union lags economically, China remains a less-developed country, Europe lacks political unity, and Japan is deficient both in military power and in global ideological appeal. If economic reforms reverse Soviet decline, if Japan develops a full-fledged nuclear and conventional military capability, or if Europe becomes dramatically more unified, there may be a return to classical multipolarity in the century. But barring such twenty-first changes, the United States is likely to retain a broader range of power resources-military, economic, scientific, cultural, and ideological -than other countries, and the Soviet Union may lose its superpower status. TheGreatPowerShift The coming century may see continued American preeminence, but the sources of power in world politics are likely to undergo major changes that will create new difficulties for all countries in achieving their goals. Proof of power lies not in resources
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