Sports Nutrition And Exercise Physiology

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Sports nutrition combines the sciences of nutrition and exercise physiology. It is a specialization within the field of nutrition that partners closely with the study of human body and exercise science. With so much emphasis placed on sports nowadays, there has been a dramatic increase in the research and development of the perfect nutrition plan a sportsperson may need. It is a well- documented fact that nutrition is fundamental to the athletic performance of a professional athlete. Today the world of sports is much more competitive than the earlier days. In a bid to beat the competition, athletes need to stay fit and healthy at all times. Having a prescribed nutrition can help a sportsperson achieve his/her goals more easily.
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The food that provides the athletes and even us for that matter the energy are mainly Carbohydrates, Proteins, and Fats.

Carbohydrate in the form of glucose is the main ingredient that provides the energy and fuel during exercise. Glucose is stored in the muscles as glycogen which is used as the body exercises to refuel. Muscles are the storage areas for the glycogen and these need to be continually refilled as we use energy. Adequate carbohydrate is necessary for the body during exercise as an insufficient amount may lead to fatigue of the muscles. Some foods that contain a rich amount of carbohydrate are pasta, rice, bread, fruits and vegetables.
Proteins are the building blocks of muscles and are one of the most essential part of an athlete’s diet. After exercise and training, proteins help to rebuild and repair the muscle damage and replenish it. Chicken, lamb, beef and many meats are very rich in protein and should form an important source of protein in the daily diet. Nowadays, the most common form of protein intake is fulfilled by the numerous protein supplements in the form of shakes, tablets and bars that have flooded the market. According to research, these supplements help to enhance performance and build muscle fast and help in faster recovery processes. There is a wide variety of protein supplements in the market and one should be careful while selecting what
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