Stages Of The Software Development Life Cycle

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1. Identify 4 different stages of the Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) and explain how requirements are used in each stage of the SDLC.

Design, build, test and deploy are four stages that are used in the SDLC methodology of software development. Business, technical and security requirements are a part of these four phases and used for the system’s development. In the design phase, the requirements are used by the IT staff to form the exact specifications and details on how the system is to be designed. This phase includes the formulation of the document called the system design document as noted by Cadle (2014).

During the build phase, the requirements are used by the IT technical staff to construct the system. The goal of
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First, mandatory changes can be driven by internal and external requirements, such as regulatory, procedural, policy or security. Second, strategic alignment helps the committee to identify how if and how closely the project aligns to the business strategic goals and objectives. Third, using risk assessment as a criteria helps the committee to assess the project’s possible failure potential or if it will likely meet the business needs.

The IT portfolio management, as Lane (2011) states, “is to help the organization prioritize IT projects so that limited resources can be managed, ensuring IT 's alignment with business priorities and maximizing IT investment.” The criteria identified are used as part of IT portfolio management.

3. Explain the relationship between the IT architecture and the IT Roadmap used in the IT Strategic Plan.

IT architecture provides the comprehensive look of the technology used in the business. IT road map describes the alignment and activities for implementing IT future projects. As part of the IT Strategic Plan, IT architecture describes the current state of technology whereas IT road map describes the future vision of technology.

4. Different kinds of personnel are required to staff an IT department depending on their IT strategy. For the two organizations below, identify four important IT positions that an IT department should
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