Status Of Women In Buddhism Essay

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disappeared together with the bhikkhu sangha, with the invasion of Turkish Muslim through Indian land in that period. The status of women in Buddhist monasticism is varied. Patriarchal societies and gender values took their toll on women’s institutions. Though according to mainstream doctrine women can be enlightened, in the canonical versions of Buddhist monastic literature women are often cast in unflattering roles. The number of vows nuns must keep is larger than that for men, and there are specific rules that establish the subordinate status of nuns. There are some early literary collections, the Therigatha hymns, and later writings, but there were few women writers. Women most often did not have access to monastic education. In many countries, moreover, women’s ordination lineages did not survive. In modern Tibet and in parts of Southeast Asia, for example, there are no unbroken lineages of full ordination from nun to …show more content…

In Tibet, for example, where there was no lineage for full ordination, there were nonetheless many nunneries. Women did not have the educational opportunities that were available for men, but they were able to engage in Buddhist meditations and rituals in celibate monastic institutions. In Tibet there were traditions of women pilgrims, ascetics, and even community leaders and teachers who were recognized by the community at large. Thus, whereas women’s monasticism was not preserved in Tibet according to ancient Indian models, there were still vibrant women’s communities throughout Tibetan history. Educational standards and facilities were not as developed as in men’s monasteries, but women built and maintained strong traditions of meditation, ritual, and community solidarity. Indeed, in twentieth-century Amdo, Northeast Tibet (modern Gansu province), the greater Labrang Monastery community supported women’s monasteries even without full

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