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Structural Functionalist

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The idea that the society functions as a whole, comes from the perspective of a structural functionalist. It draws upon the human body as a metaphor, and anyone that has illness or disease it is viewed as threat or deviance. So epistemologists and other fields of medicine study illnesses and disease to identify the risk factors and come up with preventative measures. People are no longer a diabetic; they are now identified as being at risk of diabetes. This has become a new way of identifying a person. A person has now formed an identity without actually having the health issue. From the Foucauldian perspective we can understand health as a source of identity. The notion of identifying ‘risk factor’ can be described as creating a biological
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