Suffrage of African Americans in Red Summer written by Cameron McWhirter

1113 Words Feb 26th, 2018 4 Pages
At this time, blacks had been searching for peace and equality. Historian Cameron McWhirter in his book says, “many people—including black families with returning soldiers—fervently hoped 1919 would usher in a new epoch of peace, prosperity, and freedom.” Instead of getting what they wished for however, there was a series of violence such as lynchings and anti-black riots that swept around the country.
World War 1 had a big effect on the life of blacks. McWhirter says that “the war’s end the previous November had opened a broader marked for cotton; mills across the world need[ed] it for civilian clothes.” African Americans were moving in large numbers from the South to the North and Midwest in what is part of the Great Migration. Blacks wanted to escape the racism of the South. They were trying to run away from poverty, physical violence, and segregation. The war brought many job openings in the North, a great opportunity for the blacks to start a new life. Mcwhirter states that this led to “returning veterans had trouble finding jobs, since few factories were hiring and southern black migrants had filled many jobs.” So as African Americans migrated to the North, they began to fill empty jobs in the factory and railroad industries. White supremacists saw the increased competition for jobs, and resented the blacks for taking them. In fact, white…
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