Summary: Herquarianism In Pompeii

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Historical Background and Definition
The King Carlo di Bourbon arrived in Naples in 1734, as its first resident Monarch after over two centuries of successive foreign domination (Echlin 2014; Salmeri 2007). He brought many collections of artifacts to his palaces with him, setting the trend of considering art and ancient objects, or antiques, as valuables (Echlin 2014; Salmeri 2007). Turning to art and culture, the King tried to compensate the lack of military resources with an ancient inheritance represented by art and culture (Echlin 2014; Salmeri 2007). The dynasty followed the trend of collecting art, as well (Echlin 2014; Salmeri 2007). The discovery of a vast treasure buried by the Volcano Vesuvius and subsequent excavations at Herculaneum (1738) and Pompeii (1748) happened in this context of craving for antiquities and art (Echlin 2014; Salmeri 2007). The antiquities were in such a good condition that the fame of these treasure attracted a myriad of amateurs to the region (Echlin 2014; Salmeri 2007). Everything
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For instance, intellectual and social change; creation of museums; many innovations; and the Grand Tour (Chiosi 2007; Fittipaldi 2007; Rao 2007: Salmeri 2007).
Antiquarianism eightieth century changed the intellectual interpretation of the past and the present. The excavations brought about the conventional antiquities, such as statues and medals, but also theaters, temples, houses, streets, shops, soldiers’ quarters, country residences, a school, a library, chairs, utensils, clothes, ornaments and even food (Rao 2007). Instead of learning from literacy, the scholars could learn from the materialization of the past, no longer accepting literacy as an absolute, irrefutable and reliability truth. (Rao 2007) and pointed the direction to experimental science (Fittipaldi
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