Summary Of ' Outliers ' By Malcolm Gladwell Essay

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1. Introduction Since John McGraw and Connie Mack were inducted into the baseball Hall of Fame in 1937, only 21 other managers have accomplished the same feat. To put that into perspective, there have been a total of 697 managers since Major League Baseball (MLB) was made official in 1876. According to the “San Diego Reader”, in 2000, only 15,213 people had played in the MLB and as of 2016, only 217 players have been inducted. This means that a player is 3x more likely to make the Hall of Fame than a manager is. It comes as no surprise that more experience with a task, the easier that task comes to the individual. Malcolm Gladwell writes about the 10,000 hours rule in his famous book “Outliers”. To summarize this means that an individual cannot become an expert on something until he or she has practiced for 10,000 hours. In the past two MLB off seasons there have been 11 manager changes. Six of these changes have given birth to six first-time MLB managers and five have gone to returning managers. There is a new trend or thought process is that the manager is not that effective. This comes from the idea that a manager often does not come in with a new system like coaches in other sports may. Often in the MLB, a manager’s impact may not been seen day in and day out. Also a manager’s experience will not deteriorate his effectiveness with age, whereas a player’s effectiveness often declines at the end of his or her career. However a manager’s experience cannot physically go

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