Taking a Closer Look at Tourette's Syndrome Essay

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Tourette Syndrome (TS) is an inherited tic disorder that usually appears in early childhood and is classified by multiple motor tics and verbal tics. (Mayo 2012) Tics are sudden and repetitive movements, with motor tics being physical muscle movements, and verbal tics being sudden vocalization. Common tics range anywhere from constant eye blinking to throat clearing and grunting. Although the word “involuntary” is usually used to describe tics, this is not completely true, a better word would be “compelling.” It wouldn’t be true to say that people with Tourette’s can’t control their tics, some people can hold the tics back for hours at a time, but this only leads to a bigger outburst when they are finally let go. Tics are comparable to …show more content…
Tourette Syndrome (TS) is an inherited tic disorder that usually appears in early childhood and is classified by multiple motor tics and verbal tics. (Mayo 2012) Tics are sudden and repetitive movements, with motor tics being physical muscle movements, and verbal tics being sudden vocalization. Common tics range anywhere from constant eye blinking to throat clearing and grunting. Although the word “involuntary” is usually used to describe tics, this is not completely true, a better word would be “compelling.” It wouldn’t be true to say that people with Tourette’s can’t control their tics, some people can hold the tics back for hours at a time, but this only leads to a bigger outburst when they are finally let go. Tics are comparable to scratching a mosquito bite, you are not forced to scratch it, but you feel the need to. Tics urge you to perform an action, but do not actually make you perform that action. Though tics generally occur all the time, they are more noticeable in times of stress. (NIH 2012)

There is not a specific test that can diagnose Tourette’s, and doctors must rely on the history of symptoms to diagnose it. The criteria to diagnose TS include things such as: having both motor and vocal tics, it occurs before age 18, the tics aren’t caused by medications or another medical condition, and that the tics occur several times a day, every day, for over a year.

Though the exact causes of Tourette’s are unknown, we know that it has to do with abnormalities in the
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