Taking a Look at the Structure of Sleep

2233 Words Feb 26th, 2018 9 Pages
The first three years of life is extremely important in the development and equilibrium of psychological functions including the sleep-wake cycle. The structure of sleep is viewed as a compilation and product of a broad range of stimuli from biological and external factors. It is evident that nighttime sleep patterns are developed in infancy (E. Fazzi et al., 2006) and excessive sleep awakenings decrease (Weinraub et al., 2012). Not all infants demonstrate this decline, 30% of infants and toddlers continue to experience multiple and prolonged nocturnal awakenings. Disruptive sleep-wake cycles may indicate future problems with physiological, emotional, and behavioral self-regulation (Weinraub et al., 2012).
A sleep disorder is a concerning illness for parents of infants and toddlers. According to research, most sleep disorders emerge in the first years of life. A sleep disorder is determined when sleep patterns do not match the average number of nocturnal sleep, daytime sleep and duration of nocturnal awakenings. Characteristics of a sleep problem include sleep latency longer than 30 minutes, disturbances in nighttime awakenings, and need of parental presence when put to bed (E. Fazzi et al., 2006).
What influences sleep wake cycles and provoke nocturnal awakenings in infants and toddlers? Numerous heuristic models demonstrate distinct and developmental differences in infant sleep awakenings. Sadeh and Anders (1993) model, highlight factors in the distal and proximal…

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