Texas Politics Essay

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Chapter 11 of the textbook, ‘Texas Politics”, it is primarily about the purpose and structure of the local governments within the state of Texas. Texas has 254 counties, the most of any state. Each county is governed by a five-member Commissioners Court, which consists of a County Judge (elected at-large) and four Commissioners (elected from single-member precincts). The County Judge has no veto authority over the decisions of the Court, s/he has one vote along with the other Commissioners. In smaller counties, the County Judge also performs judicial functions, while in larger counties his/her role is limited to the Court. Elections are held on a partisan basis. Counties have no home rule authority; their authority is strictly limited by the…show more content…
County Governments- County governments are organized local governments authorized in state constitutions and statutes. Counties and county-equivalents form the first-tier administrative division of the states. All the states are divided into counties or county-equivalents for administrative purposes, although not all counties or county-equivalents have an organized county government. County government has been eliminated through Connecticut and Rhode Island, as well as in parts of Massachusetts. The Unorganized Borough in Alaska also does not operate under a county level government. Additionally, a number of independent cities and consolidated city-counties operate under municipal governments that serve the functions of both city and county., Town or Township Governments - Town or township governments are organized local governments authorized in the state constitutions and statutes of 20 Northeastern and Midwestern states,[1] established to provide general…show more content…
As such it is simultaneously a city, which is a municipal corporation, and a county, which is an administrative division of a state. It has the powers and responsibilities of both types of entities.
Rather than pinning the responsibility of all the tasks of the four types pf local government, it would be easier to keep the responsiblilities separated where each group can do their task at one-hundred percent rather than one person
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