The 12 Basic Principles Of Motion Graphics

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Motion graphic is consist of two words. Motion is the action or process of moving or of changing place or position; movement. power of movement, as of a living body. A bodily movement or change of posture; gesture. ("the definition of motion," n.d.). Graphics is the art of drawing, Movies, Television. the titles, credits, subtitles, announcements, etc., shown on the screen before, or as part of, a film or television program. ("the definition of graphic," n.d.)

The term “motion graphics” was first posed by John Withney, the well-known animator, in 1960. Saul Bass was the first one who outstandingly took advantage of motion graphics in his works (Yu, Li, 2008).

But, there is no universally accepted definition of the term Motion Graphics. It generally refers to the movement or animation of words, letters, shapes, or artistic elements, sometimes within three-dimensional space.
II.1.3.1 Principle of Motion Graphic
There are 12 basic principles in motion graphic based on The Illusion of Life: Disney Animation book (Thomas, F., & Johnston, O. 1995), which are fellows :

Squash and Stretch

Defining the rigidity and mass of an object by distorting its shape during an action. (Thomas & Johnston, 1981; Lasseter, 1987). Basic principle that used to display the effects of gravity, weight, mass and flexibility.


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Index card match is one of the fun strategies that will invite students to be active in the learning process. Index card match is one of the instructional techniques of active learning included in strategic reviewing (repetition strategy). This type of index card match is related to the ways of learning so that students remember the lesson material learned well by the technique of looking for a card partner which is the answer or question while learning about a concept or topic in a fun atmosphere (Silberman, 2006,

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