Dieser, R. (2013). Special issues: Global therapeutic recreation: Should the United States therapeutic recreation profession and the United States National Council for Therapeutic Recreation Certification (NCTRC) be replicated in other nations. World Leisure Journal, 55(4), 307-319
As I make my way on this journey that is my life, I realize that I have always believed in the fundamental worth of all humanity and my responsibility as a fellow human being to respect this premise and also to support individuals, as much as I am able, to help unearth it should this basic truth become hidden to them. This is a guiding principle for me and I believe that many of the constructs of the field of Therapeutic Recreation (TR) are congruent with this philosophy. Making the decision to obtain a Therapeutic Recreation Specialization (TRS) degree offered a theoretical rationale in which to further explore the concept of leisure, define my professional philosophy and an opportunity to reflect critically on the field which I have
When we observe the demographics of today¡¦s society, we notice that there is quite a change in the average age, as well as life expectancy. In 1993, the average life expectancy rose to an amazing 75.5 years, with women living an average of 79 years and men living an average of 72 years (Hawkins, 1996, p. 4). With this gradual rise in age, the idea of therapeutic recreation for the aging population has taken on a significant role. Therapeutic recreation uses recreation and leisure activities to meet the needs of people in order to improve their quality of life. These needs include social, physical, cognitive, emotional, and spiritual. The experience of engaging in recreation is perceived to have therapeutic benefits. Engaging in
Amidst the chaos and disparity of the great depression, there was one man who brought hope and happiness to British Columbia in the form of recreation. Jan Eisenhardt, also known as Ian Eisenhardt, has been touted as “a national hero and treasure” (as cited in Markham-Starr & Delamere, 2005, para. 2) for his contributions to recreation in Canada and abroad. He was born in 1906 in Denmark and relocated to Vancouver, Canada in 1928. Eisenhardt began his career in recreation as a playground attendant in and was later promoted to Supervisor of Playgrounds for Vancouver (Dunae, 1992) He was known to be an avid advocate of physical activity and wellness as a means for personal and social freedom and wellbeing (Macdonald, 2013). During The Great Depression of the 1930’s, Eisenhardt, with the help of BC Minister of Education George Weir, spearheaded a revolutionary recreational movement dubbed The Provincial Recreation Program or ‘the Pro-Rec movement’. At time when Vancouver was plagued with unemployment, homelessness, and despair, the pro-rec movement was intended to bring relief and purpose to unemployed men (Schrodt, 1983).
As well, instead of focusing small problems, to look at the big picture of what is therapeutic recreation in Newfoundland, and what is best for the entire profession.
Therapeutic recreation practitioners work in many areas and with a variation of populations from children to older adults, individuals with mental health issues, addictions, workplace wellness, community settings, assisted living, long-term and residential care. Assessments are used to appropriately meet the needs of the populations and clients that are served, but due to the structure of the health care system in Canada, there are individuals who are living in long-term and residential care whose needs are not being met. Typically, in long-term and residential care the
For the purpose of this study the researcher will observe the leisure programs and take notes. The first part of this process will be taking note of observations, which includes where the activity takes place, who is running it, how many participants have shown up, and the level of participation. The researcher will note any differences in the environment from previous sessions as well in order to analyze what made participants engage more or less than previous sessions. Badenhorst (2008) suggests that the researcher should also take pictures or drawings of the room so long as the participants and leisure professional have given permission. This is to be better able to reflect on the situation when it comes time to analyze the data (Badenhorst, 2008). During this process the researcher needs to be as detailed as possible, were the participants smiling during the session? Were the participants socializing? What was being said during the socialization? Every participant in the room needs to be written about from the beginning of the session until the end of the session (Badenhorst, 2008). It is important to note if something happened that might impact their participation, for example, did they have a medical procedure that morning that affected their participation that afternoon? When taking notes the researcher needs
The individual that I interviewed described her recreation experience as a Track and Field event specifically the four hundred meter hurdle. This experience occurred when she was in high school championships and she express that she enjoys the control she has due to track and field being an individual activity. The interviewee claimed she was displays a few characteristics of flow during her recreation experience. The characteristics of flow she claimed was centering of attention (she continuously claimed she was unshakably focus), momentary loss of anxiety (she claimed she was nervous before she reached the track but, when she was on the track she felt a high level of calmness) and enjoyment (she claimed the thrill of competition and the outcome
My first leisure asset is my family. My family members, which are my two daughters, my parents, and my son-in-law support me by going to the store, doing the grocery shopping, and buying the organic food that we need to remain healthy. This resource supports my health, physical strength, and cardiovascular endurance, when my daughters walk with me around our neighborhood, 5 times a week. Knowing that we are walking together and have enough time to talk about our plans, goals, problems, and also greeting our neighbors on the way, keeps me motivated. Walking is an outdoors resource that cost nothing, just the perseverance and discipline to maintain our efforts; in order to reduce the risks of cardiovascular disease and
The purpose of this literature review is to summarize current research regarding the benefits leisure engagement provides to rehabilitation residents outside of scheduled occupational therapy. This is important because patients spend time outside of therapy passive, sedentary, and unengaged in their environment leading to poor patient outcomes. Studies indicate leisure activities in rehabilitation settings increase patients’ quality of life. A variety of patient populations participated in the articles included in this review. The literature will first define terminology utilized in rehabilitation settings, such as the Occupational Therapy Practice Framework, occupational therapy, leisure, and inpatient rehabilitation. Next, the role of
What is a facilitator? What are the primary tasks of the facilitator in Therapeutic Recreation interventions? (10 points)
Every year new students entering into the School of Health and Human Performance in the programs of Recreation Management and Therapeutic Recreation take part in a two-day orientation. This orientation helps students gain a better understanding of recreation, learn about their programs, and create bonds with fellow classmates. Throughout the weekend this year, students were able to create memories with classmates whom they will be studying alongside over the course of their education.
I am the Director of Recreation Therapy and Volunteer Services for a 111-bed nursing home. As the Recreation Director, I am responsible for the delivery of our therapeutic recreation (TR) services. I have a process that I follow for developing each resident’s TR plan. I complete a leisure assessment for each new resident. With the information gathered from the assessment, I create a TR goal for the resident. Using this goal, I identify objectives and choose a modality that will help meet the resident’s goal.
It was against this circumstance, every level of governments prioritised economy development as their first agenda. While facing with material civilization and spiritual civilization, a dilemma how to balance these two civilization was front the reformer, Compared with Maoist resentment towards leisure, which was treated as the bourgeoisie idleness impeded for the development of socialism society and then had been cursed, while, the perception towards leisure is transforming. Initially, Deng and his followers place conservative perception towards leisure. Since, in the early reform era, without proper guidance, ordinary individuals plunged into the irrational leisure or negative idleness, and that negative idleness may impede the development economy. While similar thing also happened in the early 20th century West Europe and the America, pastimes or idleness for example computer games, drinking to pop music of wasting time. As a counter-mechanism, Max Weber recalled the Capitalist’s Protestant work ethic, which advocates hard working to create wealth because the ‘the end is near’ and argues to be leisure is sinful . In this logic, the CPC proposed a discourse of civilised (wenming), healthy (jiankang) and educational (you jiaoyu yiyi) leisure ethic. It emphasizes the wenhua (culture capital) quality (suzhi) through work-oriented mechanism by learning personal employability enhancing skills and rational