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The Americans With Disabilities Act ( Ada )

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Section 504 of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) created what is commonly referred to as a 504 or a 504 Plan. The purpose is to prevent/prohibit discrimination against public school students with disabilities and guarantee they receive accommodations that will ensure their academic success and access to the learning environment (University of Washington, 2015). Section 504 and the ADA govern education accommodations in college (Alao, 2015). Additionally, 504 Plans are a civil rights law. An Individual Education Program (IEP) is similar, however it is an educational law covered under The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). IEP’s ensure students receive specialized instruction and related services (University of…show more content…
Having a history of a 504 plan in a K-12 school does not automatically qualify one for an educational accommodation in college (Alao, 2015). Many students with disabilities are caught by surprise when they discover their IEP is not enough to warrant eligibility for the needed academic accommodations and academic services within the higher education institution (Essex, 2012). According to A. Capolupo (personal communication, February 17, 2017) new students also lack the awareness of the level of commitment college takes. The changes in disability related mandates during the transition from high school to college creates barriers, this causes significant distress for students, families, and instructors. Two significant barriers identified by Senior (2016) are the responsibilities related to the disability shift from staff/faculty to the student and vagueness found within legal protections lead to inconsistencies among Disability Offices (pp. 13-14). The shift in responsibility from staff/faculty to the student is what I have identified as my “Issue Assessment.”
IEP’s and 504 plans require school districts to evaluate and identify students with disabilities, at the college level students must be self-advocates and are responsible for disclosing their disability (Oertle’ & Bragg, 2014, p. 61). When a student neglects
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