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Essay on The Bystander Effect: How Big Is to Big of a Group?

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Walking along the busy street of Manhattan, Katie becomes light headed passing out; although she is in a large group of people, no one stops to help. This phenomenon is called the “bystander effect.” A bystander is often anyone who passed by, witnessed, or even participated in a certain situation (Polanin, Espelage & Pigott, 2012). The bystander effect is the idea that the larger the group, the less likely an individual is to be helped. The likelihood of someone getting helped is inversely compared to the number of people who are around witnessing the event at the time. This phenomenon has played a huge role in the increase of civilians failing to be helped in the past years, and is starting to have more light shined upon it. Knowledge of…show more content…
Another variable is that the greater the number of bystanders typically results in a decrease of any intervention (Paull, et al., 2012). People who really want to help out usually put being accepted into a group, or society over their want to intervene. Although this seems like something only a “follower” would participate in, the average person, regardless of morals and values, will not help someone out if they feel that it will result in them not being accepted. In some cases a person starts out by not conforming to a group, but once they notices that no one has followed suit they will quickly stop what they are doing and join in with the other people around them. A lot of people will have a hard time believing this because of people’s inability to admit to being concern with fitting in, but has been tested and scientifically proven.
Self-efficacy is the belief in one’s self for reaching a specific goal successfully, and/or getting any successful results from participating in something (Thornberg & Jungert, 2013). Without even acting people first go through a mental process in which they try to see how getting involved, or not getting involved in a certain situation would affect them. If a person thinks that they would put themselves at a level of high risk they will not assist someone else. This process sounds terribly selfish, but it is actually how most people are programmed to think. This belief has played a huge role in the bystander effect. Without an
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